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NetCDF Files

Network Common Data Form

Read or write netCDF files using MATLAB® high-level functions or the netCDF library package of low-level functions. High-level functions simplify the process of reading data from a netCDF file or writing a variable from the MATLAB workspace into a netCDF file.

For more control over the reading and writing process, use the NetCDF Library Package containing low-level functions. The low-level functions enable more control over the reading and writing process by providing access to the routines in the NetCDF C library.

MATLAB supports netCDF version 4.8.1.


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nccreateCreate variable in netCDF file
ncdispDisplay contents of netCDF data source in Command Window
ncinfo Return information about netCDF data source
ncreadRead data from variable in netCDF data source
ncreadattRead attribute value from netCDF data source
ncwriteWrite data to netCDF file
ncwriteattWrite attribute to netCDF file
ncwriteschemaAdd netCDF schema definitions to netCDF file

Library Functions

netcdf.getChunkCacheRetrieve chunk cache settings for NetCDF library
netcdf.inqLibVersReturn NetCDF library version information
netcdf.setChunkCacheSet default chunk cache settings for NetCDF library
netcdf.setDefaultFormatChange default netCDF file format

File Operations

netcdf.abortRevert recent netCDF file definitions
netcdf.closeClose netCDF file
netcdf.createCreate new netCDF dataset
netcdf.endDefEnd netCDF file define mode
netcdf.inqReturn information about netCDF file
netcdf.inqFormatDetermine format of NetCDF file
netcdf.inqGrpsRetrieve array of child group IDs
netcdf.inqUnlimDimsReturn list of unlimited dimensions in group
netcdf.openOpen NetCDF data source
netcdf.reDefPut open netCDF file into define mode
netcdf.setFillSet netCDF fill mode
netcdf.syncSynchronize netCDF file to disk


netcdf.defDimCreate netCDF dimension
netcdf.inqDimReturn netCDF dimension name and length
netcdf.inqDimIDReturn dimension ID
netcdf.renameDimChange name of netCDF dimension


netcdf.defGrpCreate group in NetCDF file
netcdf.inqDimIDsRetrieve list of dimension identifiers in group
netcdf.inqGrpNameRetrieve name of group
netcdf.inqGrpNameFullComplete pathname of group
netcdf.inqGrpParentRetrieve ID of parent group
netcdf.inqNcidReturn ID of named group
netcdf.inqVarIDsIDs of all variables in group


netcdf.defVarFillDefine fill parameters for NetCDF variable
netcdf.defVarCreate netCDF variable
netcdf.defVarChunkingDefine chunking behavior for NetCDF variable
netcdf.defVarDeflateDefine compression parameters for NetCDF variable
netcdf.defVarFletcher32Define checksum parameters for NetCDF variable
netcdf.getVarRead data from netCDF variable
netcdf.inqVarInformation about variable
netcdf.inqVarChunkingDetermine chunking settings for NetCDF variable
netcdf.inqVarDeflateDetermine compression settings for NetCDF variable
netcdf.inqVarFillDetermine values of fill parameters for NetCDF variable
netcdf.inqVarFletcher32Fletcher32 checksum setting for NetCDF variable
netcdf.inqVarIDReturn ID associated with variable name
netcdf.putVarWrite data to netCDF variable
netcdf.renameVarChange name of netCDF variable


netcdf.copyAttCopy attribute to new location
netcdf.delAttDelete netCDF attribute
netcdf.getAttReturn NetCDF attribute
netcdf.inqAttReturn information about netCDF attribute
netcdf.inqAttIDReturn ID of netCDF attribute
netcdf.inqAttNameReturn name of netCDF attribute
netcdf.putAttWrite NetCDF attribute
netcdf.renameAttChange name of attribute

User-Defined Types

netcdf.defVlenDefine user-defined variable length array type (NC_VLEN)
netcdf.inqUserTypeReturn information about user-defined type
netcdf.inqVlenReturn information about user-defined NC_VLEN type


netcdf.getConstantReturn numeric value of named constant
netcdf.getConstantNamesReturn list of constants known to netCDF library



Resolve Errors Reading OPeNDAP Data

When you have trouble reading OPeNDAP data, consider these factors.

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