# I have a code which is definitely correct, but the loglog graph wont work properly.

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Rayhaan Bhikha on 8 Mar 2016
Moved: DGM on 11 Feb 2024
clear all
x=linspace(-1,1,40);
t=linspace(0,1,20);
n=[5,10,20];
hold on
for i=1:3
U=(exp(-(pi.^2)*t(n(1,i)))+sin(t(n(1,i))))*sin(pi*x);
v=CN(n(1,i));
En(i)=max(abs(U-v));
end
loglog(n,En,'--')
hold on
loglog(n,n)
this is the graph I get
this is the graph i should get
Star Strider on 8 Mar 2016
What’s ‘CN’?
John D'Errico on 10 Feb 2024
Edited: John D'Errico on 10 Feb 2024
It is definitely perfectly, absolutely correct, BUT, it does not work. Why does that seem to put the lie to your claim of correctness?
The point being, a simple definition of correctness of code, is that it works as designed, and it does what it is supposed to do.

Steven Lord on 8 Mar 2016
You told MATLAB to " hold on ". That means MATLAB is allowed to change a few properties of the axes (from that documentation page: "MATLAB® adjusts axes limits, tick marks, and tick labels to display the full range of data.") but keeps most properties (including XScale and YScale, the properties that control whether the axes are in linear or log scale) unchanged.
You can explicitly tell MATLAB to change the scale at the end of your code and it will do it, but HOLD prevents it from changing the scale automatically.
set(gca, 'XScale', 'log', 'YScale', 'log');
If you had a handle to the axes in a variable, like ax, you could instead using the dot notation to change the scales.
ax.XScale = 'log';
ax.YScale = 'log';
Hank Lin on 24 May 2020
20200524
Thank you very much. :)
Jürgen on 10 Feb 2024
Moved: DGM on 11 Feb 2024
I can understand the arguments of Steven Lords answer.
However the arguemtns are kind of artificial and the behaviour of two loglog in succession guarded wiht hold on is simply unexpected and irritating. It should be regarded as an error and be corrected in the next release.
I stumpled several times on that obstacle, look up the topic, apply the workaround, forget it again and stumble again into the same trap after a while.