how to split image to 3 parts

34 views (last 30 days)
amr elslene on 30 Dec 2021
Commented: Meg Noah on 2 Jan 2022

Image Analyst on 30 Dec 2021
Like top third, left bottom panel, and right bottom panel? Is the image the same size every time so that all dividing rows and column can be determined in advance?
[rows, columns, numberOfColorChannels] = size(rgbImage);
row1 = round(rows/3);
col1 = round(columns/2);
topThird = rgbImage(1 : row1, :, :);
leftPanel = rgbImage(row1 + 1 : end, 1 : col1, :);
rightPanel = rgbImage(row1 + 1 : end, col1 + 1 : end, :);
Image Analyst on 31 Dec 2021
@amr elslene, well it would have been nice to know that before.
See attached demo. It will be easy to adapt it to find characters once you have extracted each panel.

Meg Noah on 2 Jan 2022
Here are two ways:
close all
clear
clc
% split into three color channels of equal size
imRed = squeeze(imdata(:,:,1));
imGreen = squeeze(imdata(:,:,2));
imBlue = squeeze(imdata(:,:,3));
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(imRed)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Red')
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imGreen)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Green')
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imBlue)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Blue')
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imdata)
axis off; axis equal;
title('Color Composite')
% spatial
[nrow,ncol] = size(imGreen);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:ncol,1:nrow);
lowerRegion = imGreen;
lowerRegion(lowerRegion < 200) = 0;
lowerRegion(lowerRegion > 0) = 1;
L = bwlabel(lowerRegion);
% can logically evaluate a histcounts of L to determine thresholds
lowerLCol1 = min(Cols(L == 2));
lowerLCol2 = max(Cols(L == 2));
lowerLRow1 = min(Rows(L == 2));
lowerLRow2 = max(Rows(L == 2));
imLowerL = imdata(lowerLRow1:lowerLRow2,lowerLCol1:lowerLCol2,:);
lowerRCol1 = min(Cols(L == 4));
lowerRCol2 = max(Cols(L == 4));
lowerRRow1 = min(Rows(L == 4));
lowerRRow2 = max(Rows(L == 4));
imLowerR = imdata(lowerRRow1:lowerRRow2,lowerRCol1:lowerRCol2,:);
topRegion = 1 - lowerRegion;
topRegion = imopen(topRegion,ones(7,1));
topRegion = imopen(topRegion,ones(1,7));
topCol1 = min(Cols(topRegion > 0));
topCol2 = max(Cols(topRegion > 0));
topRow1 = min(Rows(topRegion == 1));
topRow2 = max(Rows(topRegion == 1));
imTop = imdata(topRow1:topRow2,topCol1:topCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1);
imagesc(imTop);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Top Image');
subplot(2,2,2);
imagesc(imLowerL);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Lower Left Image');
subplot(2,2,3);
imagesc(imLowerR);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Lower Right Image');
subplot(2,2,4);
imagesc(L);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Color Coded Regions');
by color component
by spatial
Meg Noah on 2 Jan 2022
Continuing with the previous script:
% getting the text
tmp = imGreen(lowerLRow1:lowerLRow2,lowerLCol1:lowerLCol2,:);
tmp(tmp < 190) = 0;
tmp(tmp > 0) = 1;
% invert
tmp = 1 - tmp;
% remove border artifacts
tmp(1,:) = 0;
tmp(:,1) = 0;
tmp(end,:) = 0;
tmp(:,end) = 0;
% close to get full font
tmp = imclose(tmp,ones(5,5));
% blob color
LL = bwlabel(tmp);
[nr,nc] = size(LL);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:nc,1:nr);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 1));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 1));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 1));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 1));
imFont1 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 2));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 2));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 2));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 2));
imFont2 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 3));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 3));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 3));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 3));
imFont3 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(LL);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imFont1);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imFont2);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imFont3);
axis off; axis equal;
tmp = imGreen(lowerRRow1:lowerRRow2,lowerRCol1:lowerRCol2,:);
tmp(tmp < 190) = 0;
tmp(tmp > 0) = 1;
% invert
tmp = 1 - tmp;
% remove border artifacts
tmp(1,:) = 0;
tmp(:,1) = 0;
tmp(end,:) = 0;
tmp(:,end) = 0;
% close to get full font
tmp = imclose(tmp,ones(5,5));
% blob color
LR = bwlabel(tmp);
[nr,nc] = size(LR);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:nc,1:nr);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 1));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 1));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 1));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 1));
imFont1 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 2));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 2));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 2));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 2));
imFont2 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 3));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 3));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 3));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 3));
imFont3 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(LR);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imFont1);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imFont2);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imFont3);
axis off; axis equal;

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