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plotm

Project 2-D lines and points on map axes

Description

plotm is the mapping equivalent of the MATLAB® plot function.

plotm(lat,lon) displays projected line objects on the current map axes. lat and lon are the latitude and longitude coordinates, respectively, of the line object to be projected. This ordering of latitude then longitude is standard geographic usage. However, this ordering is conceptually reversed from the MATLAB line function, in which the horizontal (x) coordinate comes first.

plotm([lat lon]) allows the latitude and longitude coordinates to be packed into a single two-column matrix.

example

plotm(lat,lon,LineSpec) specifies the line style, marker, and color.

plotm(lat,lon,Name,Value) uses name-value pair arguments to specify any number of Line Properties except for XData, YData, and ZData. Name is the property name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (' '). You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN. Property names can be abbreviated, and case does not matter.

h = plotm(___) returns a handle to the displayed line.

Examples

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First, load coastline data into the workspace and create a set of map axes. Then, plot the data. The plotm function uses the NaN values in coastlat and coastlon to break the data into separate lines.

load coastlines
ax = axesm('sinusoid','Frame','on');
plotm(coastlat,coastlon,'g')

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 2 objects of type patch, line.

Input Arguments

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Latitude or longitude vector, specified as a numeric vector. Specify values in units that match the AngleUnits property of the map axes. lat and lon must be the same size.

Create breaks in lines or polygons using NaN values. For example, this code plots the first three elements, skips the fourth element, and draws another line using the last three elements.

lat = [0 1 2 NaN 4 5 6];
lon = [0 1 2 NaN 3 4 5];
axesm('UTM','Zone','31N','Frame','on')
plotm(lat,lon)

Line style, marker, and color, specified as a character vector or string containing symbols. The symbols can appear in any order. You do not need to specify all three characteristics (line style, marker, and color). For example, if you omit the line style and specify the marker, then the plot shows only the marker and no line.

Example: '--or' is a red dashed line with circle markers

Line StyleDescriptionResulting Line
'-'Solid line

Sample of solid line

'--'Dashed line

Sample of dashed line

':'Dotted line

Sample of dotted line

'-.'Dash-dotted line

Sample of dash-dotted line, with alternating dashes and dots

MarkerDescriptionResulting Marker
'o'Circle

Sample of circle marker

'+'Plus sign

Sample of plus sign marker

'*'Asterisk

Sample of asterisk marker

'.'Point

Sample of point marker

'x'Cross

Sample of cross marker

'_'Horizontal line

Sample of horizontal line marker

'|'Vertical line

Sample of vertical line marker

's'Square

Sample of square marker

'd'Diamond

Sample of diamond line marker

'^'Upward-pointing triangle

Sample of upward-pointing triangle marker

'v'Downward-pointing triangle

Sample of downward-pointing triangle marker

'>'Right-pointing triangle

Sample of right-pointing triangle marker

'<'Left-pointing triangle

Sample of left-pointing triangle marker

'p'Pentagram

Sample of pentagram marker

'h'Hexagram

Sample of hexagram marker

Color NameShort NameRGB TripletAppearance
'red''r'[1 0 0]

Sample of the color red

'green''g'[0 1 0]

Sample of the color green

'blue''b'[0 0 1]

Sample of the color blue

'cyan' 'c'[0 1 1]

Sample of the color cyan

'magenta''m'[1 0 1]

Sample of the color magenta

'yellow''y'[1 1 0]

Sample of the color yellow

'black''k'[0 0 0]

Sample of the color black

'white''w'[1 1 1]

Sample of the color white

Output Arguments

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Handle to the displayed line, returned as a handle to a MATLAB graphics object.

Tips

When you pass two points to the plotm function, the function projects the locations of each point on the map and displays a straight line that connects them, regardless of the map projection or the distance between the points. To display a projected geodesic or rhumbline curve between two points, first insert intermediate points using the track2 function.

See Also

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Introduced before R2006a