Compute Sharpe ratio for one or more assets


Ratio = sharpe(Asset,Cash)



NUMSAMPLES-by-NUMSERIES matrix with NUMSAMPLES observations of asset returns for NUMSERIES asset return series.


(Optional) Either a scalar return for a riskless asset or a vector of asset returns to be a proxy for a riskless asset. In either case, the return periodicity must be the same as the periodicity of Asset. For example, if Asset is monthly data, then Cash must be monthly returns. If no value is supplied, the default value for Cash returns is 0.


Given NUMSERIES assets with NUMSAMPLES returns for each asset in a NUMSAMPLES-by-NUMSERIES matrix Asset and given either a scalar Cash asset return or a vector of Cash asset returns, the Sharpe ratio is computed for each asset.

The output is Ratio, a 1-by-NUMSERIES row vector of Sharpe ratios for each series in Asset. Any series in Asset with standard deviation of returns equal to 0 has a NaN value for its Sharpe ratio.


If Cash is a vector, Asset and Cash need not have the same number of returns but must have the same periodicity of returns. The classic Sharpe ratio assumes that Cash is riskless. In reality, a short-term cash rate is not necessarily riskless. NaN values in the data are ignored.


See Sharpe Ratio.


William F. Sharpe. "Mutual Fund Performance." Journal of Business. Vol. 39, No. 1, Part 2, January 1966, pp. 119–138.

Introduced in R2006b