# loopRectangular

Create rectangular loop antenna

## Description

The `loopRectangular` object is a rectangular loop antenna on the X-Y plane.

The thickness of the loop is related to the diameter of an equivalent cylinder loop by the equation

`$t=2d=4r$`

, where:

• d is the diameter of equivalent cylindrical loop

• r is the radius of equivalent cylindrical loop

For a given cylinder radius, use the `cylinder2strip` utility function to calculate the equivalent width. The default circular loop antenna is fed at the positive Y-axis. The point of the Y-axis is the midpoint of the inner and outer perimeter of the loop. ## Creation

### Syntax

``lr = loopRectangular``
``lr = loopRectangular(Name,Value)``

### Description

``` `lr = loopRectangular` creates a rectangular loop antenna in the X-Y plane. By default, the dimensions are chosen for the operating frequency 53 MHz.```

example

``` `lr = loopRectangular(Name,Value)` creates a rectangular loop antenna, with additional properties specified by one, or more name-value pair arguments. `Name` is the property name and `Value` is the corresponding value. You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as `Name1`, `Value1`, `...`, `NameN`, `ValueN`. Properties not specified retains their default values.```

## Properties

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Loop length along x-axis, specified as a scalar in meters.

Example: `'Length',3`

Data Types: `double`

Loop width along y-axis, specified as a scalar in meters.

Example: `'Width',2`

Data Types: `double`

Loop thickness, specified as a scalar in meters.

Example: `'Thickness',2`

Data Types: `double`

Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material object. You can choose any metal from the `MetalCatalog` or specify a metal of your choice. For more information, see `metal`. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see Meshing.

Example: ```m = metal('Copper'); 'Conductor',m```

Example: ```m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor = m```

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object handle. For more information, see `lumpedElement`.

Example: `'Load',lumpedelement`. `lumpedelement` is the object handle for the load created using `lumpedElement`.

Example: ```lr.Load = lumpedElement('Impedance',75)```

Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: `'Tilt',90`

Example: `ant.Tilt = 90`

Example: `'Tilt',[90 90]`,`'TiltAxis',[0 1 0;0 1 1]` tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the vectors.

Note

The `wireStack` antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: `double`

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

• Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

• Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.

• A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.

Example: `'TiltAxis',[0 1 0]`

Example: `'TiltAxis',[0 0 0;0 1 0]`

Example: `ant.TiltAxis = 'Z'`

Note

The `wireStack` antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: `double`

## Object Functions

 `show` Display antenna or array structure; display shape as filled patch `info` Display information about antenna or array `axialRatio` Axial ratio of antenna `beamwidth` Beamwidth of antenna `charge` Charge distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface `current` Current distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface `design` Design prototype antenna or arrays for resonance at specified frequency `efficiency` Radiation efficiency of antenna `EHfields` Electric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays `impedance` Input impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array `mesh` Mesh properties of metal or dielectric antenna or array structure `meshconfig` Change mesh mode of antenna structure `optimize` Optimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer `pattern` Radiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array `patternAzimuth` Azimuth pattern of antenna or array `patternElevation` Elevation pattern of antenna or array `returnLoss` Return loss of antenna; scan return loss of array `sparameters` S-parameter object `vswr` Voltage standing wave ratio of antenna

## Examples

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Create and view a rectangular loop antenna with 0.64m length, 0.64m width.

`r = loopRectangular('Length',0.64,'Width',0.64)`
```r = loopRectangular with properties: Length: 0.6400 Width: 0.6400 Thickness: 0.0100 Conductor: [1x1 metal] Tilt: 0 TiltAxis: [1 0 0] Load: [1x1 lumpedElement] ```
`show(r)` Calculate the impedance of a rectangular loop antenna over a frequency range of 120MHz-140MHz.

`r = loopRectangular('Length',0.64,'Width',0.64) `
```r = loopRectangular with properties: Length: 0.6400 Width: 0.6400 Thickness: 0.0100 Conductor: [1x1 metal] Tilt: 0 TiltAxis: [1 0 0] Load: [1x1 lumpedElement] ```
`impedance(r,linspace(120e6,140e6,31))` Balanis, C.A. Antenna Theory. Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed. New York: Wiley, 2005.