Motor Control Blockset

Design and implement motor control algorithms

Motor Control Blockset™ provides Simulink® blocks for creating and tuning field-oriented control and other algorithms for brushless motors.  Blocks include Park and Clarke transforms, sensorless observers, field weakening, a space-vector generator, and an FOC autotuner. You can verify control algorithms in closed-loop simulation using the motor and inverter models included in the blockset.

The blockset parameter estimation tool runs predefined tests on your motor hardware for accurate estimation of stator resistance, d-axis and q-axis inductance, back EMF, inertia, and friction. You can incorporate these motor parameter values into a closed-loop simulation to analyze your controller design.

Reference examples show how to verify control algorithms in desktop simulation and generate compact C code that supports execution rates required for production implementation. The reference examples can also be used to implement algorithms for motor control hardware kits supported by the blockset.

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Free ebook

Introduction to Brushless DC Motor Control

Learn the fundamentals of brushless DC motors (BLDCs) and why they have replaced brushed motors in a range of applications.

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Reference Examples

Jumpstart your motor control design with fully-assembled example models.

Simulation and Code Generation

Use fully-assembled reference examples as a starting point for designing and implementing field-oriented control algorithms for surface-mount and interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM), induction motors, and brushless DC motors (BLDC). Use these example models to test and verify your algorithm design in closed-loop simulation, and then reuse the same models to generate and deploy embedded code.

Motor Control Kits

Use reference examples to quickly generate compact and fast C code to implement motor control algorithms for several supported motor control hardware kits. Automatically build and deploy applications to your target microprocessor directly from a Simulink model to test algorithms on the motor hardware. Communicate with and control these target applications from the host machine.

Motor Control Algorithms

Design motor control algorithms using blocks optimized for code generation.

Control Algorithm Design

Use Park, Clarke, PI controller, space vector generator, maximum torque per ampere (MTPA), field weakening, and induction motor slip speed estimator blocks to create field-oriented control algorithms for PMSM and induction motors in Simulink. Use the six-step commutation block to control BLDC motors.

Code Generation

Generate fast and compact floating- or fixed-point code for implementation on an embedded microcontroller (with Embedded Coder). Assess current loop performance with real-time execution profiling.

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Rapid Control Prototyping

Test control algorithms in real-time with Simulink Real-Time and the Speedgoat electric motor control kit. The kit consists of a complete software/hardware package to run and test brushless DC motor control algorithms developed with Motor Control Blockset on Speedgoat real-time target hardware using analog and digital I/O.

Speedgoat electric motor control kit.

Sensor Decoders and Observers

Implement sensored and sensorless motor control algorithms.

Sensor Decoders

Use reference examples to calibrate offsets for Hall sensors and quadrature encoders. Then use sensor decoder blocks to process signals from Hall sensors, quadrature encoders, and resolvers to compute rotor position and speed.

Sensor decoders library in Motor Control Blockset.

Observers

Implement sensorless field-oriented control using Sliding Mode Observer and Flux Observer blocks. Use these blocks to compute the rotor electrical position and mechanical speed of PMSMs and induction motors from measured voltages and currents. Estimate magnetic flux and mechanical torque. Adjust observer parameters and verify observer operation in simulation before generating embedded code.

Position and speed estimation using the Sliding Mode Observer block.

Controller Autotuning

Automatically tune current and speed loop gains.

Initial Controller Tuning

Automatically compute initial PI controller gains for speed and current loops based on motor and inverter parameters. Provided scripts help you analyze current loop dynamics in time and frequency domains by computing and plotting the root locus, Bode diagram, and step response of your current loop (with Control System Toolbox).

Testing computed controller gains on motor hardware.

Field-Oriented Control Autotuner

Use the Field-Oriented Control Autotuner block to tune speed and current loop gains of field-oriented controllers to achieve specified bandwidth and phase margin for each loop (with Simulink Control Design). Tune the gains in simulation against a plant model. You can also tune the gains in real-time against motor drive hardware using a Speedgoat target computer (with Simulink Real-Time).

Motor Parameter Estimation

Automatically identify motor parameters.

Prebuilt Instrumented Tests

Identify stator resistance, d-axis and q-axis inductance, back-EMF, inertia, and friction parameters for your PMSM motor by using provided reference examples that run predefined tests on your motor. You can use Hall sensor, quadrature encoder, or sensorless observers for these tests.

Parameter Estimation Dashboard

Initiate and control parameter estimation from a Simulink model on a host computer. Save the estimated values to parameterize motor models and to compute controller gains.

Motor Models

Model linear average-value motor and inverter dynamics.

Motor and Inverter Models

Model and simulate your surface-mount PMSMs, interior PMSMs, and induction motors using blocks that implement linear lumped-parameter motor models. Parameterize these models with values determined from instrumented tests. Combine your controller model with a motor model and a provided average-value inverter model for fast closed-loop simulations.

Modeling a PMSM and inverter.

Higher Fidelity Modeling with Simscape Electrical

Model and simulate nonlinear motor dynamics and ideal or detailed switching in the inverter using Simscape Electrical™. Test your field-oriented control algorithms against these high-fidelity motor and inverter models with simulations that incorporate nonlinearities and switching effects.

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