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How to put a title on a colorbar?

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Ross
Ross on 21 Oct 2013
Answered: Yang Zha on 25 Mar 2024
I have a 3D surface surf(X,Y,Z) viewed from view(0,90) with a colorbar which I want to put a title on. The help instructions talk about an lcolorbar, TitleString and ZlabelString but there's no example and I'm lost.
[X Y]=meshgrid(0:100,0:100);
Z=Y;
surf(X,Y,Z);
view(0,90);
hcb=colorbar;
?????? what next to put a title on the colorbar please ?????
Maybe something like set(get(hcb,'Title'),'cb title') but I wouldn't be asking if that worked ...
Thanks.

Accepted Answer

Jonathan LeSage
Jonathan LeSage on 21 Oct 2013
Using the handle for the colorbar (in your case, the variable hcb), you can locate the colorbar handle title using the get function. Once you've found the handle for the colorbar title, you can directly change the title string via the set function. When working with figures in MATLAB, you'll often find yourself referencing graphic handles, so I recommend brushing up on them!
In your case, you can change the colormap title with just a few lines of code! Here is an example, which you can add after your example code above, to get you started:
colorTitleHandle = get(hcb,'Title');
titleString = 'A title';
set(colorTitleHandle ,'String',titleString);
Hope this clarifies things a bit!
  2 Comments
Daniel Lyddy
Daniel Lyddy on 1 Sep 2016
Edited: Daniel Lyddy on 1 Sep 2016
I tried this, and it didn't seem to work at first, but ...
I use 'colordef black' for my default figure color palette, which I set in my startup.m file. In spite of that, the sequence of commands that Jonathan gives will produce a colorbar title whose 'Color' property is [0 0 0], aka black. So, in order to actually see the colorbar title in my case, I have to do:
set(colorTitleHandle, 'Color', [1 1 1]);
Note that if you use 'colordef white' the above command will make your title disappear into the whiteness around it.
JPM
JPM on 4 Dec 2023
Hello,
In my case it worked, but I would like to change the position of the title. It should be higher. Is it possible?

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More Answers (3)

Mitsu
Mitsu on 14 Jul 2020
Alternatively,
hcb=colorbar;
hcb.Title.String = "A Title";
Among the properties of "hcb" there is "Title", which is a Text data type that again contains properties regarding the content of the text (the "String"), formatting, location, etc.
Note the variable type of each part:
>> class(hcb)
ans =
'matlab.graphics.illustration.ColorBar'
>> class(hcb.Title)
ans =
'matlab.graphics.primitive.Text'
>> class(hcb.Title.String)
ans =
'char'

Ross
Ross on 21 Oct 2013
Thanks Jonathan, you got me over the line. I prefer implementing your recommended approach in one line:
set(get(hcb,'Title'),'String','A Title')
From your solution I see I have to tell the compiler I'm actually giving it a 'String' for the Title and I don't understand why I should need to do that but OK.
The other thing is I don't know why the help doesn't mention the colorbar 'Title' field at all (I found it by guesswork looking through all the the colorbar fields) yet does talk about TitleString and ZlabelString which don't seem to exist at all.
  1 Comment
Mitsu
Mitsu on 14 Jul 2020
For future reference, you are not telling the compiler that you are giving it a "String".
If you run
hcb = colorbar;
hcb.Title
you will see that "Title" is not string variable, but rather contains a bunch of property: font size, font weight, color, etc. Among these, the name for the property that actually contains the text is called "String".
Hence,
hcb.Title.String = "A Title";
...will have the same effect.

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Yang Zha
Yang Zha on 25 Mar 2024
cb = colorbar; S = get(cb);
就可以发现,S中根本没有一个属性叫Title,但用
cb.Title.String = "A Title";
确实可以实现在colorbar的顶端增加一个title。这说明这可能是一个过去有,但是现在版本隐藏的属性,我感觉这个属性会在后续的版本中被删除掉。
顺便说一句,我的matlab版本是2023b。
以下是英文翻译:
Using
cb = colorbar; S = get(cb);
you might find that there is no attribute called "Title" in S, but setting
cb.Title.String = "A Title";
does indeed add a title to the top of the colorbar. This suggests that it might be a hidden attribute that existed in the past but is not directly accessible through the standard get function in the current version. I have a feeling that this attribute might be deprecated in future versions.
By the way, my MATLAB version is 2023b.

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