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Alex
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How do I convert strings stored in a cell array to numbers?

Asked by Alex
on 5 Feb 2011
Latest activity Edited by John Kelly on 27 Feb 2015
I have an array with strings in it - the format is the following:
'Name' '2/8' '3/7' '7/8'
Each of the above is its own cell within the array - i think this is called a cell array (i have not dealt with strings in matlab before)
What i want is the same matrix, except I want to remove the '' in each cell, and I want to actually DO the divisions. i.e '2/8' becomes 0.25 etc
how do i exract the name from 'Name', put it in the first column, then the next columns become the actual values rather than just a string containing characters.
P.S I am not putting the '' in the example for this post, it is actually there in the cell.

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2 Answers

回答者: Oleg Komarov
2011 年 2 月 5 日
編集済み: John Kelly 2015 年 2 月 27 日
 採用された回答

Hi Alex, you cannot mix double values with char values, but you still have to use a cell array (or drop the header 'Names').
% Suppose your input is:
c = {'Name' '2/8' '3/7' '7/8'}
EDIT (from Walter Roberson syntax, didn't know str2num behavior with operators) :
% Then your output would look like this:
[c(1); cellfun(@str2num,c(2:end),'un',0).']
ans =
'Name'
[0.2500]
[0.4286]
[0.8750]
Note that the ' are just there tell you that you're using a cell array of strings, but the actual content of each cell doesn't have them at all.
For more info Cell Arrays
Oleg

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回答者: Walter Roberson
2011 年 2 月 5 日

You asked to extract the name and put it in the first column and that the rest of the columns would be actual values. Because of your use of the verb "extract" for the name, it sounds to me as if you might not be aware that it is not possible to have an ordinary array that has a mix of characters and numeric values. In order to mix characters and numeric values, a cell array must be used.
If C is your cell array,
[C(:,1) cellfun(@str2num, C(:,2:end))]

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Note: in my answer, str2num will take care of doing the divisions.

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