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Unable to upload Bulk data to Thinkspeak using ESP32 SIM800L module.

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I followed the instructions on the site here: Bulk-Update Using an Arduino or an ESP8266.
And modified the code to send data using a GSM module to come up with this:
const char apn[] = "www";
const char gprsUser[] = "";
const char gprsPass[] = "";
const char simPIN[] = "";
const char server[] = "api.thinkspeak.com";
const int port = 80;
// TTGO T-Call pins
#define MODEM_RST 5
#define MODEM_PWKEY 4
#define MODEM_POWER_ON 23
#define MODEM_TX 27
#define MODEM_RX 26
#define SerialMon Serial
#define SerialAT Serial1
#define TIMEOUT 5000
// Configure TinyGSM library
#define TINY_GSM_MODEM_SIM800 // Modem is SIM800
#define TINY_GSM_RX_BUFFER 1024 // Set RX buffer to 1Kb
char jsonBuffer[500] = "["; // Initialize the jsonBuffer to hold data
#include <TinyGsmClient.h>
#ifdef DUMP_AT_COMMANDS
#include <StreamDebugger.h>
StreamDebugger debugger(SerialAT, SerialMon);
TinyGsm modem(debugger);
#else
TinyGsm modem(SerialAT);
#endif
TinyGsmClient client(modem);
#define IP5306_ADDR 0x75
#define IP5306_REG_SYS_CTL0 0x00
unsigned long lastConnectionTime = 0; // Track the last connection time
unsigned long lastUpdateTime = 0; // Track the last update time
const unsigned long postingInterval = 60L * 1000L; // Post data every 2 minutes
const unsigned long updateInterval = 10L * 1000L; // Update once every 10 seconds
void setup() {
SerialMon.begin(115200);
// Set modem reset, enable, power pins
pinMode(MODEM_PWKEY, OUTPUT);
pinMode(MODEM_RST, OUTPUT);
pinMode(MODEM_POWER_ON, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(MODEM_PWKEY, LOW);
digitalWrite(MODEM_RST, HIGH);
digitalWrite(MODEM_POWER_ON, HIGH);
// Set GSM module baud rate and UART pins
SerialAT.begin(115200, SERIAL_8N1, MODEM_RX, MODEM_TX);
delay(3000);
SerialMon.println("Initializing modem...");
modem.init();
// Configure the wake up source as timer wake up
SerialMon.print("Connecting to APN: ");
SerialMon.print(apn);
if (!modem.gprsConnect(apn, gprsUser, gprsPass)) {
SerialMon.println(" fail");
}
else {
SerialMon.println(" OK");
SerialMon.print("Connecting to ");
SerialMon.print(server);
if (!client.connect(server, port)) {
SerialMon.println(" Fail");
}
else {
SerialMon.println(" OK");
}
}
}
void loop() {
// If update time has reached 1 second, then update the jsonBuffer
if (millis() - lastUpdateTime >= updateInterval) {
updatesJson(jsonBuffer);
}
}
// Updates the josnBuffer with data
void updatesJson(char* jsonBuffer){
/* JSON format for updates paramter in the API
* This examples uses the relative timestamp as it uses the "delta_t". You can also provide the absolute timestamp using the "created_at" parameter
* instead of "delta_t".
* "[{\"delta_t\":0,\"field1\":-70},{\"delta_t\":3,\"field1\":-66}]"
*/
// Format the jsonBuffer as noted above
strcat(jsonBuffer,"{\"delta_t\":");
unsigned long deltaT = (millis() - lastUpdateTime)/1000;
size_t lengthT = String(deltaT).length();
char temp[4];
String(deltaT).toCharArray(temp,lengthT+1);
strcat(jsonBuffer,temp);
strcat(jsonBuffer,",");
int hall = hallRead();
strcat(jsonBuffer, "\"field1\":");
lengthT = String(hall).length();
String(hall).toCharArray(temp,lengthT+1);
strcat(jsonBuffer,temp);
strcat(jsonBuffer,"},");
// If posting interval time has reached 2 minutes, update the ThingSpeak channel with your data
if (millis() - lastConnectionTime >= postingInterval) {
size_t len = strlen(jsonBuffer);
jsonBuffer[len-1] = ']';
httpRequest(jsonBuffer);
}
lastUpdateTime = millis(); // Update the last update time
}
// Updates the ThingSpeakchannel with data
void httpRequest(char* jsonBuffer) {
/* JSON format for data buffer in the API
* This examples uses the relative timestamp as it uses the "delta_t". You can also provide the absolute timestamp using the "created_at" parameter
* instead of "delta_t".
* "{\"write_api_key\":\"YOUR-CHANNEL-WRITEAPIKEY\",\"updates\":[{\"delta_t\":0,\"field1\":-60},{\"delta_t\":15,\"field1\":200},{\"delta_t\":15,\"field1\":-66}]
*/
// Format the data buffer as noted above
char data[500] = "{\"write_api_key\":\"SUMY3MRLMBK2HEKK\",\"updates\":"; // Replace YOUR-CHANNEL-WRITEAPIKEY with your ThingSpeak channel write API key
strcat(data,jsonBuffer);
strcat(data,"}");
// Close any connection before sending a new request
client.stop();
String data_length = String(strlen(data)+1); //Compute the data buffer length
Serial.println(data);
// POST data to ThingSpeak
if (client.connect(server, 80)) {
client.println("POST /channels/1300373/bulk_update.json HTTP/1.1"); // Replace YOUR-CHANNEL-ID with your ThingSpeak channel ID
client.println("Host: api.thingspeak.com");
client.println("User-Agent: mw.doc.bulk-update (Arduino ESP8266)");
client.println("Connection: close");
client.println("Content-Type: application/json");
client.println("Content-Length: "+data_length);
client.println();
client.println(data);
}
else {
Serial.println("Failure: Failed to connect to ThingSpeak");
}
//delay(250); //Wait to receive the response
//client.parseFloat();
//String resp = String(client.parseInt());
//Serial.println("Response code:"+resp); // Print the response code. 202 indicates that the server has accepted the response
jsonBuffer[0] = '['; //Reinitialize the jsonBuffer for next batch of data
jsonBuffer[1] = '\0';
lastConnectionTime = millis(); //Update the last conenction time
}
This gives me a response code of "0" and does not push the data to the Thinkspeak.
P.S. I tried this code with WiFi module of the ESP32 and was able to push the data. What could be the possible problem with sending the same data with GSM module?
Is this something to do with exceeding the buffer limit on the GSM? If so How do I solve it?
  3 Comments
Aryaman Patel
Aryaman Patel on 17 Feb 2021
Edited: Aryaman Patel on 17 Feb 2021
Yes, I have tried to update the channel using just Write Data and it is successully updating the channel in every 15secs.
So, it is a buffer issue.
How can we deal with Bulk Write? I noticed that while there are examples of codes that use Bulk Write, there is none with a GSM module, is that because of its package limitation?
Christopher Stapels
Christopher Stapels on 17 Feb 2021
If you don't know the actual buffer size limitation, I would gradually increase the size of the write request (by adding characters to the field data), until that failed too. Knowing the buffer size you can see if there is a small enough bulk update that you can make.

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Accepted Answer

Aryaman Patel
Aryaman Patel on 18 Feb 2021
The problem is that you used the server address as :
"api.thinkspeak.com"
Well ....
Its not that.
The correct server address is :
"api.thingspeak.com"
. THINGSPEAK.

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