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How to find the position of points in a coordinate system?

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I am new to MatLab and still learning how to use 'for' loops correctly, as I may not even need to use one here.
I am trying to set up a coordinate system which will then cycle through every point and find the distance. I have coded the coordinate system like so:
x_step = 0.01;
z_step = 0.02;
Z = (-5:z_step:5);
X = (0:x_step:5);
which leaves me with two vectors, both with dimensions of 1-by-501.
Now the equation I am using to calculate the response at some point in the coordinate space is:
How would I write code which tells me the distance at each point?
I have had a go at writing a simple for loop which just outputs one value which I assume is the last. Here is the code:
for i = X
for j = Z
R = sqrt(i.^2+j.^2);
end
end
Please, any tips/advice or help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks.

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Accepted Answer

Alex Mcaulley
Alex Mcaulley on 29 Oct 2019
Using for loops:
R = zeros(numel(X),numel(Z));
for i = X
for j = Z
R(i,j) = sqrt(i.^2+j.^2);
end
end

  2 Comments

Daniel Tanner
Daniel Tanner on 29 Oct 2019
Hi, thanks for replying so quickly!
So I have tried it this way and result in the error:
Index in position 1 is invalid. Array indices must be positive integers or logical values.
Error in Untitled4 (line 11)
R(i,j) = sqrt(i.^2+j.^2);
Which I am not sure what that means.
Alex Mcaulley
Alex Mcaulley on 29 Oct 2019
Then, the solution should be:
x_step = 0.01;
z_step = 0.02;
Z = (-5:z_step:5);
X = (0:x_step:5);
R = zeros(numel(X),numel(Z));
for i = 1:numel(X)
for j = 1:numel(Z)
R(i,j) = sqrt(X(i).^2+Z(j).^2);
end
end
Or a better solution:
x_step = 0.01;
z_step = 0.02;
Z = (-5:z_step:5);
X = (0:x_step:5);
[Z,X] = meshgrid(Z,X);
R = sqrt(X.^2+Z.^2);
And still better
x_step = 0.01;
z_step = 0.02;
Z = (-5:z_step:5);
X = (0:x_step:5);
R = sqrt(Z.^2+X'.^2);

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