# Using bisection to determine unknown parameter

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james carsley on 30 Jul 2019
Answered: Kaashyap Pappu on 7 Aug 2019
Im using the code below to determine the value of 'w' , from the equation x(t)=(2fo/Wn^2-w^2)*sin((Wn-w/2)*t)*sin((Wn+w/2)*t) where f0=F0/m. Im using the bisection method algorithm to find the root with an absolute error of less than 1e-6. The programme runs but it gives me the naswer as 80 with an absolute error of 0.0000.
%Parameter Values
k=2000; %Stiffness units= N/m
m=0.405; %Mass units= Kg
F_0=4.05; %Applied Force Magnitude units= N
t=2.077; %Time units=s
x=0.010343; %Displacment units= m
f_0=(F_0/m);
% Q) Bisection method to determine w, with an absolute error of less
% than 1e^-6. When the displacement x=0.010343m at a time t=2.077s
% Limiting the useable values of w between 77<w(rad/s)<80
% Display the resulting value of w and the absolute eroor obtained
n=100;%number of bisection steps to be used
a=77; %first approximation
b=80; %second approximation
if function_Q2(a)*function_Q2(b)>0
disp('Wrong choice bro')
else
fprintf('Intial limits are incorrect, computer says no!\n');
a=input('Enter new first value for new interval:');
b=input('Enter new final value for new interval:');
end
r_error=0.1;
while r_error>1e-6
i=i+1;
est_root=0;
x_left=a;
x_right=b;
f_left=function_Q2(x_left);
f_right=function_Q2(x_right);
for m=i:n
x_mid=(x_left+x_right)/2;
f_mid=function_Q2(x_mid);
if f_left*f_mid<=0
x_right=x_mid;
f_right=function_Q2_mid;
elseif f_left*f_mid>0
x_left=x_mid;
f_left=f_mid;
end
est_root=(x_left+x_right)/2;
r_error=(x_right-x_left)/2;
fprintf('Estimate of root=%6.3f\n',est_root)
fprintf('Absolute error=%6.6f\n',r_error)
end
end
The function used for this:
function f=function_Q2(w)
k=2000; %Stiffness units= N/m
m=0.405; %Mass units= Kg
F_0=4.05; %Applied Force Magnitude units= N
t=2.077; %Time units=s
x=0.010343; %Displacment units= m
f_0=(F_0/m);
f=(((2*f_0)/((W_n^2)-(w^2))).*sin(((W_n-w)/2)*t).*sin(((W_n+w)/2)*t))-(x*t);
end
Any help would be much appreciated!
infinity on 30 Jul 2019
Hello,
There is a point that make me confusing.
Why do you use "for" loop inside "while" loop?
Many examples of bisection methods are availables. You could refer, for example

Kaashyap Pappu on 7 Aug 2019
The results of function_Q2(a) and function_Q2(b) are negative, therefore no root exists within the interval [a,b]. The “if” condition is true, therefore the code should request new interval values within the “if” statement itself.
Alternatively, you can use the “linspace” function to generate an array of inputs between any interval as elaborated here, and input each value of the array to function_Q2 and observe outputs to find the zero crossing points, and select the two adjacent points for “a” and “b”.