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Why I can't plot a line with my function???

Asked by Man Ting Ching on 11 Aug 2018
Latest activity Edited by Stephen Cobeldick on 12 Aug 2018
As shown below, my function can only plot dots instead of solid lines, do anyone knows why? Thank you
%Finding indoor temperature
function [dTin] = getTin_00(Tin) %Input of function should be Tin = 5 and Theater = 40 normally
dt =0.1;
m = 4.9;
Tout = 5;
Theater = 40;
M = 0.25;
c = 1005.4;
Ar = 2.8197;
Aw = 10.2042;
Uwall = 0.0069;
Uroof = 0.0179;
dQheater = (Theater-Tin)*M*c*dt;
dQloss = (Tin-Tout)*Ar*Uroof*dt+(Tin-Tout)*Aw*Uwall*dt;
dTin = (dQheater - dQloss)/(m*c);
for t = 0:0.1:200 %increment 0.1 is equal to dt
dQheater = (Theater-Tin)*M*c*dt;
dQloss = (Tin-Tout)*Ar*Uroof*dt+(Tin-Tout)*Aw*Uwall*dt;
dTin = (dQheater - dQloss)/(m*c);
Tin = Tin+dTin;
if Tin <= 21
Theater = 40;
end
if Tin >= 24
Theater = 0;
end
figure(1);
plot(t,Tin,'.r');
title('The change in temperature over 200 seconds');
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Internal temperature');
hold on;
grid on;
axis tight;
disp(Tin)
end
end

  1 Comment

Thank you! Appreciate it :D

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1 Answer

Answer by Ameer Hamza
on 11 Aug 2018
 Accepted Answer

As Stephen pointed out, you are only plotting one point at a time, therefore the can't join to form a line. One way is to assign all the values in a vector and then plot it at the end of the loop. As an alternate approach, you can use line handle object to dynamically draw as in the following example
function [dTin] = getTin_00(Tin) %Input of function should be Tin = 5 and Theater = 40 normally
dt =0.1;
m = 4.9;
Tout = 5;
Theater = 40;
M = 0.25;
c = 1005.4;
Ar = 2.8197;
Aw = 10.2042;
Uwall = 0.0069;
Uroof = 0.0179;
dQheater = (Theater-Tin)*M*c*dt;
dQloss = (Tin-Tout)*Ar*Uroof*dt+(Tin-Tout)*Aw*Uwall*dt;
dTin = (dQheater - dQloss)/(m*c);
p = plot(0,0,'r');
p.XData = [];
p.YData = [];
title('The change in temperature over 200 seconds');
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Internal temperature');
grid on
axis tight;
for t = 0:0.1:200 %increment 0.1 is equal to dt
dQheater = (Theater-Tin)*M*c*dt;
dQloss = (Tin-Tout)*Ar*Uroof*dt+(Tin-Tout)*Aw*Uwall*dt;
dTin = (dQheater - dQloss)/(m*c);
Tin = Tin+dTin;
if Tin <= 21
Theater = 40;
end
if Tin >= 24
Theater = 0;
end
p.XData = [p.XData t];
p.YData = [p.YData Tin];
disp(Tin)
end
end

  3 Comments

Thank you so much! I was just confusing how to assign the values into vector and got your reply.
" One way is to assign all the values in a vector and then plot it at the end of the loop."
That is exactly what the MATLAB documentation recommends:
The code shown in this answer expands the data arrays on each loop iteration, which will be slow as MATLAB must move the data within memory on each iteration. This is a cause of many beginners writing slow code. Better practice would be to preallocate the matrix before the loop, assign the values to it inside the loop using indexing, then plot it after the loop.
Thank you again! Appreciate it :)

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