i solved that Problem and here is how i did that.
if someone wants to click on any casket of the table and get its indices and make a changes(somewhere with a Funktion on the the same table) and set that table, he should use CellEditCallBack instead of CellSelectionCallback to avoid that Problem which is:
Index exceeds matrix dimensions.
Error in GUI1>table_CellSelectionCallback (line 3197)
row_s = eventdata.Indices(1,1);
Note: the column, which you wanna click on, should be Editable.
so you should first set the column. set(handles.table.'ColumnEditable', 'On')