First, it is important to find out whether the graphics driver is the cause of the problem. To do this, please type the following immediately after starting MATLAB:
You should no more see the NVIDIA driver, but a software Microsoft driver instead. If, after switching to software driver, the performance improves, you have several options. First, you can of course stay with the software driver. Then, because your machine is apparently a dual-graphics one, you can try to switch to the built-in Intel graphics. This can be done in NVIDIA control panel and can be usually set per application - i.e., you should be able to switch to Intel graphics for MATLAB only. Finally, you can try to do something about the NVIDIA driver - either upgrade to a newer version when it is available, or try to change its settings to improve performance. Please search for tips how to do this, I cannot be of much help here.
Of the possibilities mentioned above, I'd probably choose to switch to built-in Intel graphics if possible.