# finding the slope of each segement in a fitted curve

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Salma fathi on 13 Apr 2022
Commented: Salma fathi on 14 Apr 2022
having the following plot, Is there a method that would allow me to find the slope of each segment in this plot or at least, how I cann retrieve the x , y coordinates for the points on the plot so I can use them to find the slope?
attached is the data I am fitting, the x coordinate is GDALT variable and the y coordinate is the NE variabel. I used the curve fitting toolbox to generate this plot.
Salma fathi on 14 Apr 2022
Thank you for your reply, I believe I can do that also by using interpolating via 'cubic spline' instead of 'linear' in the curve fitting toolbox and it would give the same result right?
But I am still not sure how this will help me in finding the slope at the indicated points in the plot...

Chunru on 14 Apr 2022
idx = isnan(T.NE);
T(idx, :) = [];
x = T.GDALT;
y = T.NE;
plot(x, y, 'o-') % The slope for each segment
slope = diff(y)./diff(x)
slope = 15×1
1.0e+10 * 0.1733 0.4733 1.0267 1.1600 0.8067 0.3600 -0.1067 -0.3467 -0.4267 -0.4267
Salma fathi on 14 Apr 2022
Thank you for the help.

Akira Agata on 14 Apr 2022
By applying interpolation, you can decrease and, as a result, the deviation will be more accurate.
The following is an example.
BTW, you don't need to use Curve Fitting Toolbox for interpolation. The function interp1 is in the basic MATLAB.
idx = isnan(T.NE);
T(idx, :) = [];
x = linspace(T.GDALT(1), T.GDALT(end));
y = interp1(T.GDALT, T.NE, x, 'spline');
dy = diff(y)/uniquetol(diff(x));
figure
yyaxis left
plot(T.GDALT, T.NE, 'bo')
hold on
plot(x, y, 'b-')
xlabel('NE')
ylabel('GDALT')
yyaxis right
plot(x(1:end-1),dy)
ylabel('\Delta GDALT / \Delta NE')
legend({'Original', 'Smoothed', 'Slope'}) Salma fathi on 14 Apr 2022
Thank you for the great explanation, I have a better understanding now. Much appreciated.

R2021b

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