Create colormap and set it for a plot3(x,y,​z,colormap​_value)

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Masoud Arablu
Masoud Arablu on 21 Dec 2021
Edited: DGM on 22 Dec 2021
I have a set of (x,y,z,power) data. I would like to plot3(x,y,z,'*') with each data point * shown with the corresponding colormap value of power.
I know how to generate a colormap that matches the span of 10 to 100 that power is limited to but I do not know how to plot3(x,y,z,'*') with the specific color.
  1 Comment
_
_ on 21 Dec 2021
I don't think there is a way to create a line (e.g., from plot or plot3) where the color varies within the line. Any line is one and only one color (same for MarkerEdgeColor, MarkerFaceColor, etc.).
But you can make several lines - one per color from the set of colors you want. Split your x,y,z data according to power ranges and plot3 one line for each subset of x,y,z, data with the corresponding color.
Or you may consider using graphics object(s) other than lines. A surface may be appropriate, for instance.

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Answers (1)

DGM
DGM on 22 Dec 2021
Edited: DGM on 22 Dec 2021
That should be simple enough. Since you're plotting markers only, just use scatter3().
n = 50;
t = linspace(0,pi,n);
x = cos(t);
y = sin(t/2);
z = linspace(1,10,n);
power = z*10;
% first three arguments are position data
% fourth argument is marker size
% fifth argument is color data
h = scatter3(x,y,z,20,power);
h.MarkerFaceColor = 'flat';
grid on
colormap(jet)
colorbar
caxis % show that the colorbar/colormapping corresponds to power extents
ans = 1×2
10 100

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