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Import and Visualize Ensemble Data in Diagnostic Feature Designer

Diagnostic Feature Designer is an app that allows you to develop features and evaluate potential condition indicators using a multifunction graphical interface.

The app operates on data ensembles. An ensemble is a collection of data sets, created by measuring or simulating a system under varying conditions. An individual data set representing one system under one set of conditions is a member. Diagnostic Feature Designer processes all ensemble members when executing one operation.

This tutorial shows how to import data into Diagnostic Feature Designer and visualize your imported data.

Load Transmission Model Data

This example uses data generated from a transmission system model in Using Simulink to Generate Fault Data. Outputs of the model include:

  • Vibration measurements from a sensor monitoring casing vibrations

  • Data from the tachometer, which issues a pulse every time the shaft completes a rotation

  • Fault codes indicating the presence of a modeled fault

Load the data. The data is a table containing variables logged during multiple simulations of the model under varying conditions. Sixteen members have been extracted from the transmission model logs to form an ensemble. Four of these members represent healthy data, and the remaining 12 members exhibit varying levels of sensor drift.

load dfd_Tutorial dataTable

View this table in your MATLAB® command window.

dataTable =

  16×3 table

        Vibration               Tacho           faultCode
    __________________    __________________    _________

    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        0    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        0    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        0    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        0    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
    {6000×1 timetable}    {6000×1 timetable}        1    
The table contains 16 rows, each representing one member. Each column has a variable name. The data variables Vibration and Tacho are each represented by a timetable, and all timetables have the same length. The third variable, faultCode, is the condition variable. faultCode has a value of 0 for healthy and 1 for degraded.

Open Diagnostic Feature Designer

To open Diagnostic Feature Designer, enter the following command in your command window.


Import Data

Import the data set that you previously loaded into your MATLAB workspace. To initiate the import process, in the Feature Designer tab, click New Session.

The New Session button is the leftmost item in the Feature Designer tab.

The New Session dialog box opens. From the Source list in the Select dataset from workspace pane, select dataTable.

The Source Choose variable list shows one entry, "dataTable".

The Select source variables pane of the dialog box now displays the variables within dataTable. By default, the app initially selects all source variables for import.

New session dialog. Source selection of dataTable is on the left. Source variables are in the middle. Source variable properties is empty.

The app extracts the variable names from your member tables and embedded timetables. The icon next to the Vibration and Tacho variable names indicates that the app interprets the variables as time-based signals that each contain Time and Data variables. You can verify this interpretation in the Summary pane at the bottom, which displays the variable name, type, and independent variable for each source-level variable.

A third variable, Sample (Virtual), also appears in the list, but is not selected and does not appear in Summary. The import dialog always includes this variable as an option to allow you to generate virtual independent variables within the app.

View the properties of Vibration by selecting the Vibration row.

The Vibration row is selected in the source variables on the left. The properties of Vibration and a table containing its first 10 values are on the right.

Because the app automatically selects the first variable row for property configuration, the Configure source variable properties pane displays the Vibration variable name and the Signal variable type. For Vibration, Signal is the only Variable type option because the vibration data is packaged in a timetable. Source variable properties also displays a preview of Vibration data.

Now examine the variable type of faultCode. The icon next to faultCode, which illustrates a histogram, represents a feature. Features and condition variables can both be represented by scalars, and the app cannot distinguish between the two unless the condition variable is a categorical. To change the variable type, click on the faultCode to open the its properties, and, in Variable type, change Feature to Condition Variable.

The faultCode row is selected on the left. The Variable type list on the right contains Feature, Condition Variable, and Independent Variable.

The icon for faultCode now illustrates a paper tag, which represents a condition variable.

faultCode with an icon that looks like a paper tag

Confirm the ensemble specification in Summary and click Import.

Summary window shows the ensemble name on the top left. The table below contains rows for Vibration, Tacho, and faultCode. Each row contains columns for Variable Name, Variable Type, and Independent Variable.

Your imported variables are now in the Variables pane, organized into Signal and Condition Variable types. The color box next to each signal represents that signal in plots. Since the Vibration and Tacho signals are both timetables that contain the signal data in a column named Data, the name Data appears below both signal names.

Because the Vibration signal is selected, the Details pane provides additional information about the signal, including the signal derivation as a direct import and its independent variable (IV). The Details pane also shows that it is a full signal rather than a signal that has been processed in frame segments, and that the signal belongs to a dataset that contains 16 members.

The Variables pane on the top shows Vibration and Tacho with legend boxes of different colors. The Details panel on the bottom provides information on Vibration.

Visualize Data

After you load your signals, plot them and view all your ensemble members together. To view your vibration signal, in the Vibration signal in the Variables pane, select Data. Selecting a signal variable enables the Signal Trace option in the plot gallery. Click Signal Trace.

The Signal Trace Icon is the second icon from the right in this portion of the feature designer tab.

The plotting area displays a signal trace plot of all 16 members. As you move the cursor over the data, an indicator in the lower right corner identifies the member your cursor is on. A second indicator provides the fault code value for that member.

The signal trace is plotted in the pane on the right.

Interact with the trace plot using standard MATLAB plot tools, such as zoom and pan. Access these tools by pointing to the top right edge of the plot. You can also use the specialized options on the Signal Trace tab, which appears when you select the Signal Trace plot.

Explore Your Data Using Signal Trace Options

Explore the data in your plot using options in the Signal Trace tab.

The plot on the right shows multiple signals of the same color. Data cursors intersect two major peaks of one of the members. Information about the member is in the lower right corner.

Measure the distance between peaks for the one of the members with high peaks.

  1. Zoom in on the second clusters of peaks. In the panner strip, move the right handle to about 8. Then, move the panner window so that the left handle is at about 4. You now have the second set of peaks within the window.

  2. Pause on the first high peak, and note the member number. The second high peak is a continuation of the same member trace.

  3. Click Data Cursors, and select Vertical Cursor. Place the left cursor over the first high peak and the right cursor over the second peak for that member. The lower right corner of the plot displays the separation dX.

  4. Select Lock Horizontal Spacing. Shift the cursor pair to the right by one peak for the same member. Note that the right cursor is now aligned with the third member peak.

Display Signals with Healthy and Faulty Labels in Different Colors

Show which members have matching faultCode values by using color coding. In Group By, select faultCode.

The Group By option is the first item on the right. The list contains items for none and faultCode.

The resulting signal trace shows you that all the highest vibration peaks are associated with data from degraded systems. However, not all the degraded systems have higher peaks.

The plot of the signals with two colors, one for members with faultCode = 1, and one for members with faultCode = 0

When you use options like Group By in the plot tab, your selection is limited to the current plot. To set default plot options for all your plots, in the Feature Designer tab, click Plot Options. Then, in Group By, select faultCode.

The Plot Options dialog box contains, from top to bottom, General, Spectrum, and Ensemble Summary preferences. Group By is at the top of the General section.

All the plots that you create in this tutorial now always group by color. You can override the default settings for a specific plot in the plot tab for that plot.

Save your session data. You need this data to run the Process Data and Explore Features in Diagnostic Feature Designer example.

The Save Session icon is the third icon from the left in the Feature Designer tab.

Next Steps

The next step is to explore different ways to characterize your data through features. The example Process Data and Explore Features in Diagnostic Feature Designer guides you through the feature exploration process.

See Also

Related Topics