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pathLength

Length of path

Since R2019b

Description

example

len = pathLength(path) returns the total length of path by summing the distances between every sequential pair of states in the path. The function uses the state space object associated with path to calculate the distance between each state pair.

Examples

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Create a navPath object based on multiple waypoints in a Dubins space.

dubinsSpace = stateSpaceDubins([0 25; 0 25; -pi pi])
dubinsSpace = 
  stateSpaceDubins with properties:

   SE2 Properties
                 Name: 'SE2 Dubins'
          StateBounds: [3x2 double]
    NumStateVariables: 3

   Dubins Vehicle Properties
     MinTurningRadius: 1

pathobj = navPath(dubinsSpace)
pathobj = 
  navPath with properties:

      StateSpace: [1x1 stateSpaceDubins]
          States: [0x3 double]
       NumStates: 0
    MaxNumStates: Inf

waypoints = [8 10 pi/2;
             7 14 pi/4;
             10 17 pi/2;
             10 10 -pi];
append(pathobj,waypoints)

Interpolate that path so that it contains exactly 250 points.

interpolate(pathobj,250)

Visualize the interpolated path and the original waypoints.

figure
grid on
axis equal
hold on
plot(pathobj.States(:,1),pathobj.States(:,2),".b")
plot(waypoints(:,1),waypoints(:,2),"*r","MarkerSize",10)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 2 objects of type line. One or more of the lines displays its values using only markers

Calculate length of path.

len = pathLength(pathobj);
disp("Path length = " + num2str(len))
Path length = 19.4722

Load a 3-D occupancy map of a city block into the workspace. Specify the threshold to consider cells as obstacle-free.

mapData = load("dMapCityBlock.mat");
omap = mapData.omap;
omap.FreeThreshold = 0.5;

Inflate the occupancy map to add a buffer zone for safe operation around the obstacles.

inflate(omap,1)

Create an SE(3) state space object with bounds for state variables.

ss = stateSpaceSE3([0 220;0 220;0 100;inf inf;inf inf;inf inf;inf inf]);

Create a navPath object based on multiple waypoints in an SE(3) state space.

path = navPath(ss);
waypoints = [40 180 15 0.7 0.2 0 0.1;
             55 120 20 0.6 0.2 0 0.1;
             100 100 25 0.5 0.2 0 0.1;
             130 90 30 0.4 0 0.1 0.6;
             150 33 35 0.3 0 0.1 0.6];
append(path,waypoints)

Interpolate that path so that it contains exactly 250 points.

interpolate(path,250)

Visualize the interpolated path and the original waypoints.

show(omap)
axis equal
view([-10 55])
hold on
% Start state
scatter3(waypoints(1,1),waypoints(1,2),waypoints(1,3),"g","filled")
% Goal state
scatter3(waypoints(end,1),waypoints(end,2),waypoints(end,3),"r","filled")
% Intermediate waypoints
scatter3(waypoints(2:end-1,1),waypoints(2:end-1,2), ...
         waypoints(2:end-1,3),"y","filled")
% Path
plot3(path.States(:,1),path.States(:,2),path.States(:,3), ...
      "r-",LineWidth=2)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title Occupancy Map, xlabel X [meters], ylabel Y [meters] contains 5 objects of type patch, scatter, line.

Calculate length of path.

len = pathLength(path);
disp("Path length = " + num2str(len))
Path length = 204.1797

Input Arguments

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Path object, specified as a navPath object.

Output Arguments

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Length of the path, returned as a nonnegative scalar in meters.

Data Types: double

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2019b

See Also

Objects

Functions