How to know the frequency of the signal from fft

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632541
632541 on 13 Jun 2021
Commented: dpb on 13 Jun 2021
How do i know the frequency of the signal from fft ?
First graph is signal and second is fft of the same .
Piece of code for fft is here.
%%z is the signal
nfft=length(z); %Number of samples
FTSignal=2*fft(z)/nfft; %FFT of the signal y-axis
FTSignal=FTSignal(1:nfft/2); %FFT till for nyquist frequency
%take magniutde
AbsFFT=abs(FTSignal);
f=(0:(nfft/2)-1)*fs/nfft; %Frequency range x-axis
phase=angle(FTSignal); %Phase spectru
figure(4)
plot(f,AbsFFT);
title('FFT of signal')
xlabel('Frequency in Hz')
ylabel('Amplitude');
Any changes in the code or in my understanding of fft (or frequency ) ?
  3 Comments
dpb
dpb on 13 Jun 2021
Well, your plot is the right range, then, but we also don't know what numel(signal) is so we can't tell what the frequency resolution would be.
If you look at your signal, you have (barely) one cycle of a sine wave with a distended second half-cycle and just a tiny wiggle in it. There is little frequency content there to be found; rightfully you should have a time sample some 3-4X as long to have a long enough sample to see the frequency content over at least 3-4 cycles of the lowest frequency of interest.
If there is anything else in the weeds, try converting the output amplitude to dB or just turn the y axis to logarithmic (alto then zeros will disappear). On the linear scale, there simply isn't enough dynamic range to see anything except the rolloff near the DC component which what I'd expect the output to reflect given the input.

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