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reading strings between spaces from a text file.

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The text file 'test_text.txt' contains something like this:
2.000000e-01 3 4.230000e-0 1 2
I wanted to pick each number between the spaces in a array and later i can process them. I am able to pick what I need with the code below. So if you see in line2 'X_data' contains all strings in a array so i can access them later. But say suppose there are 100 numbers in that line in the text file and i wanted to pick X_data(90) then how do I do it without keep writing %s so many times in textscan command ? Thank you.
fid = fopen('test_text.txt','r');
X_data = textscan(fid2,'%s %s %s %s');
str = X_data(4);
fclose('fid');

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Accepted Answer

Mohammad Abouali
Mohammad Abouali on 28 Sep 2014
you could use
fid = fopen('test_text.txt','r');
xdata=str2num(fgets(fid))
fclose(fid)
or you can use
M = dlmread(filename, delimiter)
or you can use
T = readtable(filename)

  2 Comments

Rakesh Praveen
Rakesh Praveen on 28 Sep 2014
i don't know why when i use
X_data = readtable('test_text.txt');
i get: Undefined function 'readtable' for input arguments of type 'char'. BTW it looks like i have do str2num like your first suggestion and then reverse back for my purpose.
Mohammad Abouali
Mohammad Abouali on 29 Sep 2014
what version of matlab do you use? May be in your version that function is not yet included. Not sure when readtable was added to matlab.

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More Answers (1)

Geoff Hayes
Geoff Hayes on 28 Sep 2014
Rakesh - is it necessary that you treat all the data in the file as strings, especially since they appear (from your example) to be numeric? If not, then you could import the data using importdata where you specify that the delimiter between each column of data is the space character
X_data=importdata('test_text.txt',' ');
Then X_data(90) would return the 90th element from the only row in that file.

  2 Comments

Rakesh Praveen
Rakesh Praveen on 28 Sep 2014
when u read from a textfile they are in string format right? But, Yes i want them to store as a string in a array. But when i use 'importdata', X_data contains only 1*1 cell with one single string and now i can't do X_data(1,2). Even if i can read them in numeric how would i put them in a array avoiding the spaces ?
Geoff Hayes
Geoff Hayes on 28 Sep 2014
Did you set the delimiter type (second input to importdata) to be the space character? I took your example and pasted it into a file, and was able to read in the data using the above line of code.

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