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Throw exception as if occurs within calling function




In R2022b: throw is recommended over throwAsCaller because it creates the stack trace from the location where MATLAB® calls the function.

throwAsCaller(exception) throws an exception as if it occurs within the calling function. The exception terminates the currently running function and returns control to the keyboard or an enclosing catch block. When you throw an exception from outside a try/catch statement, MATLAB displays the error message in the Command Window.

You can access the MException object via a try/catch statement or the MException.last function.

Sometimes, it is more informative for the error to point to the location in the calling function that results in the exception rather than pointing to the function that actually throws the exception. You can use throwAsCaller to simplify the error display.


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Create a function, sayHello, in your working folder.

function sayHello(N)
str = ['Hello, ' N '!'];

function checkInput(N)
if ~ischar(N)
    ME = MException('sayHello:inputError','Input must be char.');

At the command prompt, call the function with a numeric input.

Error using sayHello>checkInput
Input must be char.

Error in sayHello

The top of the stack refers to line 9 because this is where MATLAB throws the exception. After the initial stack frame, MATLAB displays information from the calling function.

Replace throw(ME) with throwAsCaller(ME) in line 9 of sayHello.m and call the function again.

Error using sayHello
Input must be char.

The top of the stack refers to line 2 because that is the location of the error in the calling function.

Input Arguments

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Exception containing the cause and location of an error, specified as a scalar MException object.

Extended Capabilities

Thread-Based Environment
Run code in the background using MATLAB® backgroundPool or accelerate code with Parallel Computing Toolbox™ ThreadPool.

Version History

Introduced in R2007b