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Information about audio file



info = audioinfo(filename) returns information about the contents of the audio file specified by filename.


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Create a WAVE file from the example file handel.mat, and get information about the file.

Create a WAVE (.wav) file in the current folder.

load handel.mat
filename = 'C:\Temp\handel.wav';
clear y Fs

Use audioinfo to return information about the WAVE file.

info = audioinfo(filename)
info = 

  struct with fields:

             Filename: 'C:\Temp\handel.wav'
    CompressionMethod: 'Uncompressed'
          NumChannels: 1
           SampleRate: 8192
         TotalSamples: 73113
             Duration: 8.9249
                Title: []
              Comment: []
               Artist: []
        BitsPerSample: 16

Input Arguments

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Name of file, specified as a character vector or string scalar that includes the file extension.

Depending on the location of your file, filename can take on one of these forms.

Current folder

Specify the name of the file in filename.

Example: 'sample_audio.wav'

Other folders

If the file is not in the current folder or in a folder on the MATLAB® path, then specify the full or relative path name in filename.

Example: 'C:\myFolder\myFile.sample_audio.wav'

Example: 'myFolder\sample_audio.mp3'

Internet URL

If the file is specified as an internet uniform resource locator (URL), then filename must contain the protocol type 'http://' or 'https://'.

Example: 'http://hostname/path_to_file/sample_audio.mp3'

Remote Location

If the file is stored at a remote location, then filename must contain the full path of the file specified with the form:


Based on the remote location, scheme_name can be one of the values in this table.

Remote Locationscheme_name
Amazon S3™s3
Windows Azure® Blob Storagewasb, wasbs

For more information, see Work with Remote Data.

Example: 's3://bucketname/path_to_file/sample_audio.mp3'

Example: 'myFile.mp3'

Example: '../myFile.mp3'

Example: 'C:\temp\myFile.mp3'

audioinfo supports the following file formats.

Platform SupportFile Format
All platformsAIFC (.aifc)
AIFF (.aiff, .aif)
AU (.au)
FLAC (.flac)
OGG (.ogg)
OPUS (.opus)
WAVE (.wav)
Windows® 7 (or later), Macintosh, and Linux®MP3 (.mp3)
MPEG-4 AAC (.m4a, .mp4)

On Windows 7 platforms (or later), audioinfo might also return information about the contents of any files supported by Windows Media® Foundation.

On Linux platforms, audioinfo might also return information about the contents of any files supported by GStreamer.

audioinfo can extract audio metadata from MPEG-4 (.mp4, .m4v) video files on Windows 7 or later, macOS 10.7 Lion or higher, and Linux, and from Windows Media Video (.wmv) and AVI (.avi) files on Windows 7 (or later) and Linux platforms.

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

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Information about audio file, returned as a structure. info can contain the following fields.

Field NameDescriptionData Type
FilenameFilename including the absolute path to the file and the file extension.character vector
CompressionMethodCompression method used. character vector
NumChannelsNumber of audio channels encoded in the audio file.double
SampleRateSample rate of the audio data in the file, in hertz.double
TotalSamplesTotal number of audio samples in the file.double
DurationDuration of the file, in seconds.double

Number of bits per sample encoded in the audio file.

Only valid for WAVE (.wav) and FLAC (.flac) files.


Number of kilobits per second (kbit/s) used for compressed audio files.

Only valid for MP3 (.mp3) and MPEG-4 Audio (.m4a, .mp4) files.

TitleValue of 'Title', if any.character vector
ArtistValue of 'Artist', if any.character vector
CommentValue of 'Comment', if any.character vector


The BitRate property returns the actual bit rate on Mac platforms, and not the encoded bit rate. This means that bit rate values might be lower than specified at the time of the encoding, depending on the source data.


On Mac platforms, audioinfo returns metadata from .m4a and .mp4 files only on macOS 10.7 Lion or higher. Previous versions of macOS will not read the 'Title', 'Author', or 'Comment' fields.


  • For MP3 and MPEG-4 AAC audio files on Windows 7 or later and Linux platforms, audioinfo might report fewer samples than expected. On Linux platforms, this is caused by a limitation in the underlying GStreamer framework.

  • On Linux platforms, audioinfo interprets single channel data in MPEG-4 AAC files as stereo data.

  • For MP3 files on Windows platforms, audioinfo might not report values in the Artist, Title, or Comment fields of the output structure. This omission is caused by a limitation in the underlying Windows Media Foundation library.

Version History

Introduced in R2012b

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