worldGrid

World coordinates of raster elements

Since R2021a

Description

example

[X,Y] = worldGrid(R) returns the world coordinates of raster elements as the 2-D arrays X and Y. The coordinates of raster element (i,j) are (X(i,j),Y(i,j)).

example

[X,Y] = worldGrid(R,gridOption), where gridOption is 'gridvectors', returns X and Y as row vectors. The coordinates of raster element (i,j) are (X(j),Y(i)). The default for gridOption is 'fullgrid', which returns X and Y as 2-D arrays.

Examples

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Import elevation data, find the coordinates of the imported data, then display the data as a surface.

First import elevation data [1] for an area around Mount Washington as an array and a map cells reference object. Prepare the data for plotting by replacing missing data values with 0. Then, find the coordinates of each element in the array.

info = georasterinfo('MtWashington-ft.grd');
Z = standardizeMissing(Z,info.MissingDataIndicator);

[X,Y] = worldGrid(R);

Display the elevation data as a surface using an appropriate colormap. Set the EdgeColor property to 'none' to remove the mesh from the surface.

surf(X,Y,Z,'EdgeColor','none')
demcmap(Z)
xlabel('x (meters)')
ylabel('y (meters)')
zlabel('Elevation (feet)')

[1] The elevation data used in this example is courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Create a map cells reference object for a 3-by-4 raster with x values in the range [7000, 7400] meters and y values in the range [2700, 3300] meters. Get the coordinates of the raster elements and return them as row vectors.

R = maprefcells([7000 7400],[2700 3300],[3 4]);
[X,Y] = worldGrid(R,'gridvectors')
X = 1×4

7050        7150        7250        7350

Y = 1×3

2800        3000        3200

If you do not specify the second argument as 'gridvectors', then the worldGrid function returns 2-D arrays by default.

[xFull,yFull] = worldGrid(R)
xFull = 3×4

7050        7150        7250        7350
7050        7150        7250        7350
7050        7150        7250        7350

yFull = 3×4

2800        2800        2800        2800
3000        3000        3000        3000
3200        3200        3200        3200

Input Arguments

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Spatial reference, specified as a MapCellsReference or MapPostingsReference object.

If R is a MapCellsReference object, then X and Y are cell centers. If R is a MapPostingsReference object, then X and Y are posting points.

Grid option, specified as one of these values:

• 'fullgrid' — Return X and Y as 2-D arrays, where each row of X is identical and each column of Y is identical. This is the default behavior.

• 'gridvectors' — Return X and Y as row vectors. Use this option when you want to reduce memory usage and when 2-D arrays are unnecessary, such as when plotting large data sets with the surf function. You can specify gridOption as 'gridvectors' only when the TransformationType property of R has a value of 'rectilinear'.

This table shows the difference between 'fullgrid' and 'gridvectors'.

'fullgrid''gridvectors'
R = maprefcells([7000 7400],[2700 3300],[3 4]);
[X,Y] = worldGrid(R)
X =

7050        7150        7250        7350
7050        7150        7250        7350
7050        7150        7250        7350

Y =

2800        2800        2800        2800
3000        3000        3000        3000
3200        3200        3200        3200
R = maprefcells([7000 7400],[2700 3300],[3 4]);
[X,Y] = worldGrid(R,'gridvectors')
X =

7050        7150        7250        7350

Y =

2800        3000        3200

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

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x-coordinates, returned as a 2-D array or a row vector. By default, X is a 2-D array. To return X as a row vector, specify gridOption as 'gridvectors'.

By default, and when gridOption is 'fullgrid', the sizes of X and Y each equal the RasterSize property of R. When gridOption is 'gridvectors', the lengths of X and Y equal the second and first elements of the RasterSize property of R, respectively.

y-coordinates, returned as a 2-D array or a row vector. By default, Y is a 2-D array. To return Y as a row vector, specify gridOption as 'gridvectors'.

By default, and when gridOption is 'fullgrid', the sizes of X and Y each equal the RasterSize property of R. When gridOption is 'gridvectors', the lengths of X and Y equal the second and first elements of the RasterSize property of R, respectively.

Version History

Introduced in R2021a