Set up a writable working folder outside your MATLAB® installation
folder to store files that will be generated as you complete your
tutorial work. The tutorial instructions assume that you create the
hdlfilter_tutorials on drive C.
This tutorial guides you through the steps for designing an IIR filter, generating Verilog code for the filter, and verifying the Verilog code with a generated test bench.
This section guides you through the procedure of designing and creating a filter for an IIR filter. This section assumes that you are familiar with the MATLAB user interface and the Filter Designer.
Start the MATLAB software.
Set your current folder to the folder you created in Create a Folder for Your Tutorial Files.
Start the Filter Designer by entering the
filterDesigner command in the
MATLAB Command Window. The Filter Design & Analysis Tool dialog
In the Filter Design & Analysis Tool dialog box, set the following filter options:
Click Design Filter. The Filter Designer creates a filter for the specified design. The following message appears in the Filter Designer status bar when the task is complete.
Designing Filter... Done
For more information on designing filters with the Filter Designer, see Use Filter Designer with DSP System Toolbox Software.
You should quantize filters for HDL code generation. To quantize your filter,
Open the IIR filter design you created in Design an IIR Filter in Filter Designer if it is not already open.
Click the Set Quantization Parameters button in the left-side toolbar. The Filter Designer displays the Filter arithmetic list in the bottom half of its dialog box.
the list. The Filter Designer displays the first of three tabbed panels
of its dialog box.
Use the quantization options to test the effects of various settings on the performance and accuracy of the quantized filter.
Select the Filter Internals tab
and set Rounding mode to
Floor and Overflow
Click Apply. The quantized filter appears as follows.
For more information on quantizing filters with the Filter Designer, see Use Filter Designer with DSP System Toolbox Software.
After you quantize your filter, you are ready to configure coder options and generate VHDL code. This section guides you through starting the Filter Design HDL Coder™ UI, setting options, and generating the VHDL code and a test bench for the IIR filter you designed and quantized in Design an IIR Filter in Filter Designer and Quantize the IIR Filter.
Start the Filter Design HDL Coder UI by selecting Targets > Generate HDL in the Filter Designer dialog box. The Filter Designer displays the Generate HDL dialog box.
In the Name text box of the Target pane,
iir. This option names the VHDL entity and
the file that contains the VHDL code for the filter.
Select the Global settings tab of the UI. Then select the General tab of the Additional settings section.
In the Comment in header text box, type
- IIR Filter. The coder adds the comment to the end of the
header comment block in each generated file.
Select the Ports tab. The Ports pane appears.
Clear the check box for the Add output register option. The Ports pane now appears as in the following figure.
Select the Advanced tab. The Advanced pane appears.
Select the Use 'rising_edge' for registers option. The Advanced pane now appears as in the following figure.
Click the Test bench tab in the
Generate HDL dialog box. In the File name text
box, replace the default name with
option names the generated test bench file.
In the Generate HDL dialog box, click Generate to start the code generation process. When code generation completes, click OK to close the dialog box.
The coder displays the following messages in the MATLAB Command Window as it generates the filter and test bench VHDL files:
### Starting VHDL code generation process for filter: iir ### Starting VHDL code generation process for filter: iir ### Generating: H:\hdlsrc\iir.vhd ### Starting generation of iir VHDL entity ### Starting generation of iir VHDL architecture ### Second-order section, # 1 ### Second-order section, # 2 ### First-order section, # 3 ### HDL latency is 1 samples ### Successful completion of VHDL code generation process for filter: iir ### Starting generation of VHDL Test Bench ### Generating input stimulus ### Done generating input stimulus; length 2172 samples. ### Generating Test bench: H:\hdlsrc\filter_tb.vhd ### Please wait ... ### Done generating VHDL Test Bench ### Starting VHDL code generation process for filter: iir ### Starting VHDL code generation process for filter: iir ### Generating: H:\hdlsrc\iir.vhd ### Starting generation of iir VHDL entity ### Starting generation of iir VHDL architecture ### Second-order section, # 1 ### Second-order section, # 2 ### First-order section, # 3 ### HDL latency is 1 samples ### Successful completion of VHDL code generation process for filter: iir
As the messages indicate, the coder creates the folder
your current working folder and places the files
Observe that the messages include hyperlinks to the generated code and test bench files. By clicking these hyperlinks, you can open the code files directly into the MATLAB Editor.
The generated VHDL code has the following characteristics:
VHDL entity named
Registers that use asynchronous resets when the reset signal is active high (1).
Ports have the following default names:
|Clock enable input|
An extra register for handling filter input.
Clock input, clock enable input, and reset ports are
STD_LOGIC and data input and output ports
are of type
Coefficients are named
n is the coefficient number, starting
is used when zeros are concatenated:
'0' & '0'...
Registers are generated with the
rather than the statement
ELSIF clk'event AND clk='1' THEN.
'_process' is appended
to process names.
The generated test bench:
Is a portable VHDL file.
Forces clock, clock enable, and reset input signals.
Forces the clock enable input signal to active high.
Drives the clock input signal high (1) for 5 nanoseconds and low (0) for 5 nanoseconds.
Forces the reset signal for two cycles plus a hold time of 2 nanoseconds.
Applies a hold time of 2 nanoseconds to data input signals.
For an IIR filter, applies impulse, step, ramp, chirp, and white noise stimulus types.
Get familiar with the generated VHDL code by opening and browsing
through the file
iir.vhd in an ASCII or HDL simulator
Open the generated VHDL filter file
iir. This line identifies the VHDL module, using the value you
specified for the Name option in the
Target pane. See step 2 in Configure and Generate VHDL Code.
Tutorial. This section is where the coder places the text you
entered for the Comment in header option. See step 5 in
Configure and Generate VHDL Code.
HDL Code. This section lists coder options you modified in Configure and Generate VHDL Code.
Filter Settings. This section of the VHDL code describes the
filter design and quantization settings as you specified in Design an IIR Filter in Filter Designer and Quantize the IIR Filter.
ENTITY. This line names the VHDL entity, using the value you
specified for the Name option in the
Target pane. See step 2 in Configure and Generate VHDL Code.
defines the filter's clock, clock enable, reset, and data input and
output ports. The ports for clock, clock enable, reset, and data input
and output signals are named with default character vectors.
CONSTANT. This code
defines the coefficients. They are named using the default naming
the coefficient number, and
n is the section
SIGNAL. This code defines
the signals of the filter.
PROCESS block name
input_reg_process includes the default
PROCESS block postfix
This code reads the filter input from an input register. Code for this
register is generated by default. In step 7 in Configure and Generate VHDL Code,
you cleared the Add output register option, but left
the Add input register option selected.
IF reset. This code
asserts the reset signal. The default, active high (1), was specified.
Also note that the
PROCESS block applies the default
asynchronous reset style when generating VHDL code for registers.
ELSIF. This code checks for rising edges when the filter
operates on registers. The
rising_edge function is used
as you specified in the Advanced pane of the Generate
HDL dialog box. See step 10 in Configure and Generate VHDL Code.
Section 1. This section
is where second-order section 1 data is filtered. Similar sections
of VHDL code apply to another second-order section and a first-order
filter_out. This code
drive the filter output data.
This section explains how to verify the generated VHDL code for the IIR filter with the generated VHDL test bench. This tutorial uses the Mentor Graphics® ModelSim® simulator as the tool for compiling and simulating the VHDL code. You can use other HDL simulation tool packages.
To verify the filter code, complete the following steps:
Start your simulator. When you start the Mentor Graphics ModelSim simulator, a screen display similar to the following appears.
Set the current folder to the folder that contains your generated VHDL files. For example:
If desired, create a design library to store the compiled VHDL entities, packages,
architectures, and configurations. In the
ModelSim simulator, you can create a design library with the
Compile the generated filter and test bench VHDL files. In the
ModelSim simulator, you compile VHDL code with the
vcom command. The following the commands compile the
filter and filter test bench VHDL code.
vcom iir.vhd vcom iir_tb.vhd
The following screen display shows this command sequence and informational messages displayed during compilation.
Load the test bench for simulation. The procedure for loading the test bench varies depending
on the simulator you are using. In the
ModelSim simulator, you load the test bench for simulation with the
vsim command. For example:
The following display shows the results of loading
work.iir_tb with the
Open a display window for monitoring the simulation as the test bench runs. In the Mentor Graphics ModelSim simulator, use the following command to open a wave window and view the results of the simulation as HDL waveforms.
add wave *
The following wave window displays.
To start running the simulation, issue the start simulation command for your simulator. For
example, in the
ModelSim simulator, you can start a simulation with the
The following display shows the
command being used to start a simulation.
As your test bench simulation runs, watch for error messages. If error messages appear, interpret them as they pertain to your filter design and the HDL code generation options you selected. Determine whether the results are expected based on the customizations you specified when generating the filter VHDL code.
The warning messages that note
Time: 0 ns in
the preceding display are not errors and you can ignore them.
The failure message that appears in the preceding
display is not flagging an error. If the message includes the text
Complete, the test bench has run to completion without encountering
an error. The
Failure part of the message is tied
to the mechanism that the coder uses to end the simulation.
The following wave window shows the simulation results as HDL waveforms.