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fitNelsonSiegel

Fit Nelson-Siegel function to bond market data

fitNelsonSiegel for an IRFunctionCurve is not recommended. Use fitNelsonSiegel with a parametercurve object instead. For more information, see fitNelsonSiegel.

Description

example

CurveObj = IRFunctionCurve.fitNelsonSiegel(Type,Settle,Instruments) fits a Nelson-Siegel function to market data for a bond.

example

CurveObj = IRFunctionCurve.fitNelsonSiegel(___,Name,Value) adds optional name-value pair arguments.

Examples

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This example shows how to use the Nelson-Siegel function to fit bond market data.

Settle = repmat(datenum('30-Apr-2008'),[6 1]);
Maturity = [datenum('07-Mar-2009');datenum('07-Mar-2011');...
datenum('07-Mar-2013');datenum('07-Sep-2016');...
datenum('07-Mar-2025');datenum('07-Mar-2036')];

CleanPrice = [100.1;100.1;100.8;96.6;103.3;96.3];
CouponRate = [0.0400;0.0425;0.0450;0.0400;0.0500;0.0425];
Instruments = [Settle Maturity CleanPrice CouponRate];
PlottingPoints = datenum('07-Mar-2009'):180:datenum('07-Mar-2036');
Yield = bndyield(CleanPrice,CouponRate,Settle,Maturity);

NSModel = IRFunctionCurve.fitNelsonSiegel('Zero',datenum('30-Apr-2008'),Instruments);

NSModel.Parameters
ans = 1×4

    4.6617   -1.0227   -0.3484    1.2386

% create the plot
plot(PlottingPoints, getParYields(NSModel, PlottingPoints),'r')
hold on
scatter(Maturity,Yield,'black')
datetick('x')

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 2 objects of type line, scatter.

Input Arguments

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Type of interest-rate curve for a bond, specified by using a scalar character vector.

Data Types: char

Settle date of interest-rate curve, specified using a scalar date character vector or serial date number.

Data Types: double | char

Instruments, specified using an N-by-4 data matrix where the first column is Settle date, the second column is Maturity, the third column is the clean price, and the fourth column is a CouponRate for the bond.

Data Types: double

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: CurveObj = IRFunctionCurve.fitNelsonSiegel('Zero',datenum('30-Apr-2008'),Instruments)
Name-Value Pair Arguments for All Bond Instruments

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Compounding frequency per-year for the IRFunctionCurve object, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Compounding' and a scalar numeric using one of the supported values:

  • −1 = Continuous compounding

  • 0 = Simple interest (no compounding)

  • 1 = Annual compounding

  • 2 = Semiannual compounding

  • 3 = Compounding three times per year

  • 4 = Quarterly compounding

  • 6 = Bimonthly compounding

  • 12 = Monthly compounding

Data Types: double

Day count basis of the interest-rate curve, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Basis' and a scalar integer.

  • 0 — actual/actual

  • 1 — 30/360 (SIA)

  • 2 — actual/360

  • 3 — actual/365

  • 4 — 30/360 (PSA)

  • 5 — 30/360 (ISDA)

  • 6 — 30/360 (European)

  • 7 — actual/365 (Japanese)

  • 8 — actual/actual (ICMA)

  • 9 — actual/360 (ICMA)

  • 10 — actual/365 (ICMA)

  • 11 — 30/360E (ICMA)

  • 12 — actual/365 (ISDA)

  • 13 — BUS/252

For more information, see Basis.

Data Types: double

IRFitOptions object, specified using previously created object using IRFitOptions. When using IRFitOption, the default FitType is DurationWeightedPrice. Duration weighted price refers to the form of the objective function that needs to be minimized to find the optimal Nelson-Siegel parameters. Specifically, this objective function minimizes using the following three algorithms:

  • The difference between observed and model-predicted yields for each bond, ObsY_iPredY_i

  • The difference between observed and model-predicted prices for each bond, ObsP_iPredP_i

  • The difference between observed and model-predicted prices, weighted by the inverse of the duration of each bond (ObsP_iPredP_i) / D_i. Weighting price by inverse duration converts the pricing errors into yield fitting errors, to a first approximation.

Data Types: object

Name-Value Pair Arguments for Each Bond Instrument

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Coupons per year for the bond, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentPeriod' and a scalar numeric value.

Data Types: double

Day count basis of the bond, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentBasis' and a scalar integer.

  • 0 — actual/actual

  • 1 — 30/360 (SIA)

  • 2 — actual/360

  • 3 — actual/365

  • 4 — 30/360 (PSA)

  • 5 — 30/360 (ISDA)

  • 6 — 30/360 (European)

  • 7 — actual/365 (Japanese)

  • 8 — actual/actual (ICMA)

  • 9 — actual/360 (ICMA)

  • 10 — actual/365 (ICMA)

  • 11 — 30/360E (ICMA)

  • 12 — actual/365 (ISDA)

  • 13 — BUS/252

Note

InstrumentBasis distinguishes a bond instrument's Basis value from the interest-rate curve's Basis value.

For more information, see Basis.

Data Types: double

End-of-month rule, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentEndMonthRule' and a logical value. This rule applies only when Maturity is an end-of-month date for a month having 30 or fewer days.

  • 0 = ignore rule, meaning that a bond's coupon payment date is always the same numerical day of the month.

  • 1 = set rule on (default), meaning that a bond's coupon payment date is always the last actual day of the month.

Data Types: logical

Instrument issue date, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentIssueDate' and a scalar date character vector or serial date number.

Data Types: char | double

Date when a bond makes its first coupon payment (used when bond has an irregular first coupon period), specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentFirstCouponDate' and a scalar date character vector or serial date number. When InstrumentFirstCouponDate and InstrumentLastCouponDate are both specified, InstrumentFirstCouponDate takes precedence in determining the coupon payment structure. If you do not specify a InstrumentFirstCouponDate, the cash flow payment dates are determined from other inputs.

Data Types: char | double

Last coupon date of a bond before the maturity date (used when bond has an irregular last coupon period), specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentLastCouponDate' and a scalar date character vector or serial date number. In the absence of a specified InstrumentFirstCouponDate, a specified InstrumentLastCouponDate determines the coupon structure of the bond. The coupon structure of a bond is truncated at the InstrumentLastCouponDate, regardless of where it falls, and is followed only by the bond's maturity cash flow date. If you do not specify a InstrumentLastCouponDate, the cash flow payment dates are determined from other inputs.

Data Types: char | double

Face or par value, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InstrumentFace' and a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Note

When using Instrument name-value pairs, you can specify simple interest for a bond by specifying the InstrumentPeriod value as 0. If InstrumentBasis and InstrumentPeriod are not specified for a bond, the following default values are used: InstrumentBasis is 0 (act/act) and InstrumentPeriod is 2.

Output Arguments

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Nelson-Siegel curve model, returned as a structure. After creating a Nelson-Siegel model, you can view the Nelson-Siegel model parameters using:

CurveObj.Parameters
where the order of parameters is [Beta0,Beta1,Beta2,tau1].

Algorithms

The Nelson-Siegel model proposes that the instantaneous forward curve can be modeled with the following:

f=β0+β1emτ+β2mτemτ

This can be integrated to derive an equation for the zero curve (see [6] for more information on the equations and the derivation):

See [1] for more information.

References

[1] Nelson, C.R., Siegel, A.F. “Parsimonious modelling of yield curves.” Journal of Business. Vol. 60, 1987, pp 473–89.

[2] Svensson, L.E.O. “Estimating and interpreting forward interest rates: Sweden 1992-4.” International Monetary Fund, IMF Working Paper, 1994/114.

[3] Fisher, M., Nychka, D., Zervos, D. “Fitting the term structure of interest rates with smoothing splines.” Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Board Working Paper 1995-1.

[4] Anderson, N., Sleath, J. “New estimates of the UK real and nominal yield curves.” Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, November, 1999, pp 384–92.

[5] Waggoner, D. “Spline Methods for Extracting Interest Rate Curves from Coupon Bond Prices.” Federal Reserve Board Working Paper 1997–10.

[6] “Zero-coupon yield curves: technical documentation.” BIS Papers No. 25, October 2005.

[7] Bolder, D.J., Gusba, S. “Exponentials, Polynomials, and Fourier Series: More Yield Curve Modelling at the Bank of Canada.” Working Papers 2002–29, Bank of Canada.

[8] Bolder, D.J., Streliski, D. “Yield Curve Modelling at the Bank of Canada.” Technical Reports 84, 1999, Bank of Canada.

Introduced in R2008b