Host-Target Communication for Simulink PIL Simulation
This section provides information about using the
rtiostream API for
communication between your development computer and target hardware during a
processor-in-the-loop (PIL) simulation.
rtiostream API supports communications for the target
connectivity API. Use the
rtiostream API to implement a communication
channel that enables data exchange between different processes.
PIL simulation requires a host-target communications channel. This communications
channel comprises driver code that runs on the host and target. The
rtiostream API defines the signature of target-side and host-side
functions that this driver code must implement.
The API is independent of the physical layer that sends the data. Possible physical layers include RS232, Ethernet, or Controller Area Network (CAN).
rtiostream implementation requires both host-side and
target-side drivers. Code generation software includes host-side drivers for the default
TCP/IP implementation and a version for serial communications. To use:
rtiostreamcommunications channel, you must provide, or obtain from a third party, target-specific TCP/IP device drivers.
The serial communications channel, you must provide, or obtain from a third party, target-specific serial device drivers.
For other communication channels and platforms, the code generation software does not provide default implementations. You must provide both the host-side and the target-side drivers.
rtiostream API comprises the following functions:
For information about:
rtiostreamfunctions in a connectivity implementation, see Create a Target Connectivity API Implementation.
rtiostreamshared library methods from MATLAB® code, see
Synchronize Host and Target
If you use the
rtiostream API to implement
the communications channel, the host and target must be synchronized,
which prevents Simulink® from transmitting and receiving data
before the target application is fully initialized.
To synchronize the host and target for TCP/IP rtiostream implementations, use the
setInitCommsTimeout method from
rtw.connectivity.RtIOStreamHostCommunicator. This approach works well for
rtiostream implementations because Simulink automatically waits until the target server is running.
rtiostream implementations, for
example, serial, the Simulink side of the
opens without waiting for the target to be fully initialized. In this
case, you must make your
wait until the target application is fully initialized. Use one of
the following approaches to synchronize your host and target:
Add a pause at the end of the
Launcherimplementation that makes the
Launcherwait until target initialization is complete.
Launcherimplementation, use third-party downloader or debugger APIs that wait until target initialization is complete.
Implement a handshaking mechanism in the
rtiostreamimplementation that confirms completion of target initialization.
Use a test suite to debug and verify the behavior of custom
The test suite can help you to:
Reduce the time required for integrating custom hardware that does not have built-in
Reduce the time required for testing custom
Analyze the performance of custom
The test suite consists of two parts. One part is an application that runs on the target
hardware. The other part runs in MATLAB. For details, see
Troubleshooting Host-Target Communication
To display communication I/O information in the Diagnostic Viewer during the PIL simulation, in the Command Window, enter:
set_param(model, 'SILPILVerboseOutput', 'on');
By default, the configuration parameter
SILPILVerboseOutput is set to
If you run a SIL simulation with
SILPILVerboseOutput set to
on, the simulation displays I/O information for communication that occurs between Simulink and the target application that runs as a separate process on your development computer.
Word Addressable Target Hardware
In the Configuration Parameters dialog box, when you specify settings for Device vendor and Device type, you provide PIL simulations with memory addressing information about the target hardware.
For example, consider the case when Device vendor is set to
Texas Instruments and Device type is set
The settings specify that the target hardware uses 16-bit word addresses and big-endian word order. The rtiostream implementation operates with 16-bit words.
On the target hardware, if an
rtIOStream function specifies a size of
1, then the target hardware must send or receive one 16-bit word (2 bytes).
sizeof(short) return 1, which
corresponds to one 16-bit word. The
rtIOStream function expects the byte
order within the word to be little-endian, that is, less significant bytes are transmitted
before more significant bytes.
rtiostreamtest identifies the target hardware and handles data in terms
of 16-bit words, for example, a byte value is transferred as a 16-bit word value.