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compiler.build.dotNETAssembly

Create .NET assembly for deployment outside MATLAB

Description

example

Caution

This function is only supported on Windows® operating systems.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(Files) creates a .NET assembly using the MATLAB® functions specified by Files.

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compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(Files,Name,Value) creates a .NET assembly with additional options specified using one or more name-value arguments. Options include the class name, output directory, and additional files to include.

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compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(ClassMap) creates a .NET assembly with a class mapping specified using a container.Map object ClassMap.

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compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(ClassMap,Name,Value) creates a .NET assembly using ClassMap and additional options specified using one or more name-value arguments. Options include the assembly name, output directory, and additional files to include.

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compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(opts) creates a .NET assembly with options specified using a compiler.build.DotNetAssemblyOptions object opts. You cannot specify any other options using name-value arguments.

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results = compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(___) returns build information as a compiler.build.Results object using any of the input argument combinations in previous syntaxes. The build information consists of the build type, paths to the compiled files, and build options.

Examples

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Create a .NET assembly on a Windows system using a function file that generates a magic square.

In MATLAB, locate the MATLAB function that you want to deploy as a .NET assembly. For this example, use the file magicsquare.m located in matlabroot\extern\examples\compiler.

appFile = fullfile(matlabroot,'extern','examples','compiler','magicsquare.m');

Build a .NET assembly using the compiler.build.dotNETAssembly command.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(appFile);

The build function generates the following files within a folder named magicsquaredotNETAssembly in your current working directory:

  • GettingStarted.html — HTML file that contains information on integrating your assembly.

  • magicsquare.dll — Dynamic-link library file that can be accessed using the mwArray API.

  • magicsquare.xml — XML file that contains documentation for the mwArray assembly.

  • magicsquare_overview.html — HTML file that contains requirements for accessing the component and for generating arguments using the mwArray class hierarchy.

  • magicsquareNative.dll — Dynamic-link library file that can be accessed using the native API.

  • magicsquareNative.xml — XML file that contains documentation for the native assembly.

  • magicsquareVersion.cs — C# file that contains version information.

  • mccExcludedFiles.log — Log file that contains a list of any toolbox functions that were not included in the application. For information on non-supported functions, see MATLAB Compiler Limitations.

  • readme.txt — Text file that contains packaging and interface information.

  • requiredMCRProducts.txt — Text file that contains product IDs of products required by MATLAB Runtime to run the application.

  • unresolvedSymbols.txt — Text file that contains information on unresolved symbols.

Create a .NET assembly on a Windows system and customize it using name-value arguments.

For this example, use the file magicsquare.m located in matlabroot\extern\examples\compiler.

appFile = fullfile(matlabroot,'extern','examples','compiler','magicsquare.m');

Build a .NET assembly using the compiler.build.dotNETAssembly command. Use name-value arguments to specify the assembly name and version, add a MAT-file, and enable verbose output.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(appFile,'AssemblyName','MyMagicSquare',...
    'AssemblyVersion','2.0',...
    'AdditionalFiles','myvars.mat',...
    'Verbose','on');

Create a .NET assembly on a Windows system using a class map and multiple function files.

Create a containers.Map object whose keys are class names and whose values are the locations of function files.

cmap = containers.Map;
cmap('Class1') = {'exampleFcn1.m','exampleFcn2.m'};
cmap('Class2') = {'exampleFcn3.m','exampleFcn4.m'};

Build a .NET assembly using the compiler.build.dotNETAssembly command.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(cmap);

You can also specify options using name-value arguments when you build the .NET assembly.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(cmap,'AssemblyName','MyMagicSquare',...
    'AssemblyVersion','2.0',...
    'AdditionalFiles','myvars.mat',...
    'Verbose','on');

Create multiple .NET assemblies on a Windows system using a compiler.build.DotNETAssemblyOptions object.

For this example, use the file magicsquare.m located in matlabroot\extern\examples\compiler.

appFile = fullfile(matlabroot,'extern','examples','compiler','magicsquare.m');

Create a DotNETAssemblyOptions object using appFile. Use name-value arguments to specify a common output directory, generate the assembly archive separately, and enable verbose output.

opts = compiler.build.DotNETAssemblyOptions(appFile,...
    'OutputDir','D:\Documents\MATLAB\work\dotNETBatch',...
    'EmbedArchive','off',...
    'Verbose','on')
opts = 

  DotNETAssemblyOptions with properties:

             AssemblyName: 'example.magicsquare'
          AssemblyVersion: '1.0.0.0'
                 ClassMap: [1×1 containers.Map]
               DebugBuild: off
             EmbedArchive: off
           EnableRemoting: off
    SampleGenerationFiles: {}
        StrongNameKeyFile: ''
          AdditionalFiles: {}
      AutoDetectDataFiles: on
                  Verbose: on
                OutputDir: 'D:\Documents\MATLAB\work\dotNETBatch'

   Class Map Information
         magicsquareClass: {'C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2021a\extern\examples\compiler\magicsquare.m'}

Build the .NET Assembly using the DotNETAssemblyOptions object.

compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(opts);

To compile using the function file myMagic2.m with the same options, use dot notation to modify the ClassMap of the existing COMComponentOptions object before running the build function again.

remove(opts.ClassMap, keys(opts.ClassMap));
opts.ClassMap('myMagic2Class') = 'myMagic2.m';
compiler.build.dotNETAssembly(opts);

By modifying the ClassMap argument and recompiling, you can compile multiple components using the same options object.

Create a .NET assembly on a Windows system and save information about the build type, generated files, and build options to a compiler.build.Results object.

Compile using the file magicsquare.m located in matlabroot\extern\examples\compiler.

results = compiler.build.dotNETAssembly('magicsquare.m')
results = 

  Results with properties:

            BuildType: 'dotNETAssembly'
                Files: {4×1 cell}
              Options: [1×1 compiler.build.DotNETAssemblyOptions]

The Files property contains the paths to the following compiled files:

  • magicsquare.dll

  • magicsquareNative.dll

  • magicsquare_overview.dll

  • GettingStarted.html

Input Arguments

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Files implementing MATLAB functions, specified as a character vector, a string scalar, a string array, or a cell array of character vectors. File paths can be relative to the current working directory or absolute. Files must have a .m extension.

Example: ["myfunc1.m","myfunc2.m"]

Data Types: char | string | cell

Class map, specified as a containers.Map object. Map keys are class names and each value is the set of files mapped to the corresponding class. Files must have a .m extension.

Example: cmap

.NET assembly build options, specified as a compiler.build.DotNETAssemblyOptions object.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'Verbose','on'

Additional files to include in the .NET assembly, specified as a character vector, a string scalar, a string array, or a cell array of character vectors. File paths can be relative to the current working directory or absolute.

Example: 'AdditionalFiles',["myvars.mat","data.txt"]

Data Types: char | string | cell

Name of the .NET assembly, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. Specify 'AssemblyName' as a namespace, which is a period-separated list, such as companyname.groupname.component. The name of the generated library is set to the last entry of the period-separated list. The name must begin with a letter and contain only alphabetic characters and periods.

Example: 'AssemblyName','mathworks.dotnet.mymagic'

Data Types: char | string

Assembly version, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. For information on versioning using MATLAB Compiler SDK™, see Versioning.

Example: 'AssemblyVersion','4.0'

Data Types: char | string

Flag to automatically include data files, specified as 'on' or 'off', or as numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). A value of 'on' is equivalent to true, and 'off' is equivalent to false. Thus, you can use the value of this property as a logical value. The value is stored as an on/off logical value of type matlab.lang.OnOffSwitchState.

  • If you set this property to 'on', then data files that you provide as inputs to certain functions (such as load and fopen) are automatically included in the .NET assembly.

  • If you set this property to 'off', then you must add data files to the assembly using the AdditionalFiles option.

Example: 'AutoDetectDataFiles','off'

Data Types: logical

Name of the .NET class, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. You cannot specify this option if you use a ClassMap input. Class names must meet the .NET class name requirements.

The default value is the name of the first file listed in the Files argument appended with Class.

Example: 'ClassName','magicsquareClass'

Data Types: char | string

Flag to enable debug symbols, specified as 'on' or 'off', or as numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). A value of 'on' is equivalent to true, and 'off' is equivalent to false. Thus, you can use the value of this property as a logical value. The value is stored as an on/off logical value of type matlab.lang.OnOffSwitchState.

  • If you set this property to 'on', then the compiled assembly contains debug symbols.

  • If you set this property to 'off', then the compiled assembly does not contain debug symbols.

Example: 'DebugBuild','on'

Data Types: logical

Flag to embed the assembly archive, specified as 'on' or 'off', or as numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). A value of 'on' is equivalent to true, and 'off' is equivalent to false. Thus, you can use the value of this property as a logical value. The value is stored as an on/off logical value of type matlab.lang.OnOffSwitchState.

  • If you set this property to 'on', then the function embeds the assembly archive in the .NET assembly.

  • If you set this property to 'off', then the function generates the assembly archive as a separate file.

Example: 'EmbedArchive','off'

Data Types: logical

Flag to control the remoting type of the assembly, specified as 'on' or 'off', or as numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). A value of 'on' is equivalent to true, and 'off' is equivalent to false. Thus, you can use the value of this property as a logical value. The value is stored as an on/off logical value of type matlab.lang.OnOffSwitchState.

  • If you set this property to 'on', then the function builds a remotable assembly.

  • If you set this property to 'off', then the function builds an assembly that is not remotable.

Example: 'EnableRemoting','on'

Data Types: logical

Path to the output directory where the build files are saved, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. The path can be relative to the current working directory or absolute.

The default name of the build folder is the assembly name appended with dotNETAssembly.

Example: 'OutputDir','D:\Documents\MATLAB\work\mymagicdotNETAssembly'

Data Types: char | string

MATLAB sample files used to generate sample .NET driver files for functions included within the assembly, specified as a character vector, a string scalar, a string array, or a cell array of character vectors. File paths can be relative to the current working directory or absolute. Files must have a .m extension. For more information and limitations, see Sample Driver File Creation.

Example: 'SampleGenerationFiles',["sample1.m","sample2.m"]

Data Types: char | string | cell

Path to the encryption key file used to sign the shared assembly, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. If the value is empty, the function creates a private assembly. The file path can be relative to the current working directory or absolute.

Example: 'StrongNameKeyFile','sgKey.snk'

Data Types: char | string

Flag to control build verbosity, specified as 'on' or 'off', or as numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). A value of 'on' is equivalent to true, and 'off' is equivalent to false. Thus, you can use the value of this property as a logical value. The value is stored as an on/off logical value of type matlab.lang.OnOffSwitchState.

  • If you set this property to 'on', then the MATLAB command window displays progress information indicating compiler output during the build process.

  • If you set this property to 'off', then the command window does not display progress information.

Example: 'Verbose','on'

Data Types: logical

Output Arguments

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Build results, returned as a compiler.build.Results object. The Results object consists of:

  • Build type, which is 'dotNETAssembly'

  • Paths to the following compiled files:

    • AssemblyName.dll

    • AssemblyNameNative.dll

    • AssemblyName_overview.dll

    • GettingStarted.html

  • Build options, specified as a DotNETAssemblyOptions object

Limitations

  • This function is only supported on Windows operating systems.

Introduced in R2021a