deltaUT1

Calculate difference between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Principal Universal Time (UT1)

Description

example

DUT1=deltaUT1(utc) calculates the difference between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Principal Universal Time (UT1) for UTC, specified as a modified Julian date (MJD). By default, this function uses a prepopulated list of International Astronomical Union (IAU) 2000A Earth orientation (IERS) data. This list contains measured and calculated (predicted) data supplied by the IERS. The IERS measures and calculates this data for a set of predetermined dates. For dates after those listed in the prepopulated list, deltaUT1 calculates the data by using this equation, limiting the values to +/- .9s:

UT1-UTC=0.5309-0.00123(MJD-57808)-(UT2-UT1) 

[DUT1,DUT1Error]=deltaUT1(utc) returns the error for the difference between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Principal Universal Time (UT1) for UTC.

example

DUT1=deltaUT1(utc,Name,Value) calculates the difference between UTC and UT1 using additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.

[DUT1,DUT1Error]=deltaUT1(utc,Name,Value) returns the error for the difference between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Principal Universal Time (UT1) for UTC.

Examples

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Calculate the difference between UT1 and UTC values for December 28, 2015.

mjd = mjuliandate(2015,12,28)
dUT1 = deltaUT1(mjd)
 
mjd =
       57384

dUT1 =
    0.0886

Calculate the difference between UT1 and UTC values for December 28, 2015 and January 10, 2016 using the custom file, aeroiersdata20170101.mat.

mjd = mjuliandate([2015 12 28;2016 1 10])
dUT1 = deltaUT1(mjd,'Source','aeroiersdata20170101.mat')
mjd =
       57384
       57397

dUT1 =
    0.0886
    0.0648

Calculate the difference between UT1-UTC values for December 28, 2015 and January 10, 2016 using the custom file, aeroiersdata.mat.

mjd = mjuliandate([2015 12 28;2016 1 10])
[dUT1,dUT1Err] = deltaUT1(mjd,'Source','aeroiersdata.mat')
mjd =
       57384
       57397


dUT1 =
    0.0886
    0.0648


dUT1Err =
   1.0e-05 *

    0.3900
    0.7300

Input Arguments

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Array of UTC dates, specified as an M-by-1 array, represented as modified Julian dates. Use the mjuliandate function to convert the UTC date to a modified Julian date.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'Source','aeroiersdata.mat'

Custom list of Earth orientation data, specified in a MAT-file.

Out-of-range action, specified as a string.

Action to take in case of out-of-range or predicted value dates, specified as a string:

  • Warning — Displays warning and indicates that the dates were out-of-range or predicted values.

  • Error — Displays error and indicates that the dates were out-of-range or predicted values.

  • None — Does not display warning or error.

Data Types: string

Output Arguments

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Difference between UT1 and UTC, specified as an M-by-1 array.

Error for difference between UT1 and UTC (UT1-UTC), according to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) 2000A resolutions, specified as an M-by-1 array, in seconds.

Introduced in R2017b