Cardiac artifact removal toolbox

Algorithms and evaluation toolkit for removing strong cardiac interference from surface EMG measurements

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Updated 3 Jan 2022

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Cardiac artifact removal toolbox

This software package provides Matlab implementations of a number of algorithms for removing cardiac interference from surface EMG measurements, as well as metrics and two exemplary datasets for evaluating their respective performance.

In particular, all algorithms desribed in the following two publications are included:

In case of any questions, comments, or bugs, please don't hesitate to contact me or open an issue on GitHub.

The following picture shows an example of the problem to be solved here (and the solution provided by the PATS algorithm, see below):

An example plot.

Content

Two exemplary data sets of respiratory electromograms (two channels repectively) and simultanously measured airway pressure.

Matlab implementations of following algorithms:

  • EMG Preprocessing
  • QRS Detection (mostly taken from the OSET toolbox by Reza Sameni, with some minor modifications)
  • Template Subtraction and Adaptive Template Subtraction
  • Model-based ECG removal with second and 25th order Extended Kalman filter and smoother (based on Sameni et al., "A nonlinear Bayesian filtering framework for ECG denoising," 2007, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, and Akhbari et al., "ECG denoising and fiducial point extraction using an extended Kalman filtering framework with linear and nonlinear phase observations," Physiological Measurement, 2016). Implementation partially based on the OSET toolbox of Reza Sameni.
  • Wavelet Denoising (contributed by Jan Graßhoff)
  • Empirical Mode Decomposition
  • Probabilistic Adaptive Template Subtraction (PATS, best-performing algorithm as per Petersen 2022).

Performance evaluation functions

  • Signal-to-noise ratio
  • Periodicity Measure
  • Power spectral density

Analysis script: ecg_removal.m and functions to read, filter, plot and evaluate data


Run

ecg_removal.m   

to read the provided data sets, apply ECG-removal algorithms (or reload precomputed results) and execute a performance evaluation.

The above script uses some additional machinery in order to handle multiple separate signals at the same time. If you just want to apply the algorithms to a single signal, you can simply do something like the following:

    addpath('filters'); addpath('ecg_utils'); addpath('template_subtraction');
    use_filtfilt = true;

    % If you want a test signal to try this with, you can use the following; otherwise replace by your data
    addpath('format_specific_utils');
    if isempty(dir('../data/csv/subject1.csv'))
        if ~exist('../data/csv', 'dir')
            mkdir('../data/csv');
        end
        unzip('../data/subject1.zip','../data/csv')
    end
    rawData = load_measured_signals('../data/csv');
    signal = rawData{1, 1};
    fs = 1024; fpl = 50;  % fpl is powerline frequency (typically 50Hz or 60Hz)

    % power line interference removal
    signal = butter_filt_stabilized(signal, [fpl-1 fpl+1], fs, 'stop', use_filtfilt, 2);

    % mild high-pass filtering (two versions, one for R peak detection and one for cardiac artifact removal) 
    % to remove baseline wander and some ECG interference (especially in the 20Hz version)
    signalhp10 = butter_filt_stabilized(signal, 10, fs, 'high', use_filtfilt, 6);
    signalhp20 = butter_filt_stabilized(signal, 20, fs, 'high', use_filtfilt, 6);

    % R peak detection, slightly modified version of Pan-Tompkins
    rpeaks = peak_detection(signalhp10, fs);

    % This is the actual cardiac artifact removal step
    cleaned = adaptive_template_subtraction(signalhp20, rpeaks, fs);

Acknowledgements

The toolbox contains code contributions by Reza Sameni (Pan-Tompkins peak detection and some of the files in the model-based directory - see individual file headers -, all from the OSET toolbox), Jan Graßhoff (swt_denoising) and Julia Sauer (various files throughout the project). Julia Sauer also performed the study from which the two included recordings have been obtained. Everything else is authored by me (EP).

Most of the work leading to the development of this toolbox has been done while I was at the University of Lübeck, with the Institute for Electrical Engineering in Medicine.


Eike Petersen, 2021-2022

Cite As

Eike Petersen (2023). Cardiac artifact removal toolbox (https://github.com/e-pet/ecg-removal/releases/tag/1.01), GitHub. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2019b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

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Version Published Release Notes
1.01

See release notes for this release on GitHub: https://github.com/e-pet/ecg-removal/releases/tag/1.01

1.0

To view or report issues in this GitHub add-on, visit the GitHub Repository.
To view or report issues in this GitHub add-on, visit the GitHub Repository.