Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator
Clock divider that divides frequency of input signal by fractional number
Mixed-Signal Blockset / PLL / Building Blocks
The Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator block divides the frequency of the input signal by a tunable fractional value (N.FF). When compared to the Single Modulus Prescaler block, the Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator block helps to achieve a narrow channel spacing that can be less than the reference frequency of a phase-locked loop (PLL) system.
clk in — Input clock frequency
Input clock frequency, specified as a scalar. In a PLL system, the clk in port is connected to the output port of a VCO block.
div-by — Ratio of output to input clock frequency
Ratio of output to input clock frequency, specified as a fractional scalar.
The value at the div-by port is split into two parts: the integer part (N) and the fractional part (.FF).
clk out — Output clock frequency
Output clock frequency, specified as a scalar. In a PLL system, the clk out port is connected to the feedback input port of a PFD block. The output at the clk out port is a square pulse train of 1 V amplitude.
state — Missing fractional pulse storage
The fractional missing pulse storage. The value of the
state port goes up by F with
each rising edge of the clk out value of the
previous cycle. Whenever the state port value goes
1, the value overflows and sets the
carry port value to
carry — Activates the pulse swallow function when state port overflows
0 (default) |
Output port that activates the pulse swallow function when state port overflows. The pulse removal is analogous to dividing the input frequency by N+1 instead of N.
Enable increased buffer size — Enable increased buffer size
off (default) | on
Select to enable increased buffer size during simulation. This increases the buffer size of the Logic Decision inside the Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator block. By default, this option is deselected.
Buffer size — Number of samples of the input buffering available during simulation
1 (default) | positive integer scalar
Number of samples of the input buffering available during simulation, specified as a positive integer scalar. This sets the buffer size of the Logic Decision inside the Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator block.
Selecting different simulation solver or sampling strategies can change the number of input samples needed to produce an accurate output sample. Set the Buffer size to a large enough value so that the input buffer contains all the input samples required.
This parameter is only available when Enable increased buffer size option is selected in the Block Parameters dialog box.
get_param(gcb,'NBuffer')to view the current value of Buffer size.
set_param(gcb,'NBuffer',value)to set Buffer size to a specific value.
Inside the Mask
The Fractional Clock Divider with Accumulator consists of three subsystems: a Fractional Accumulator, a Pulse Swallower, and a Single Modulus Prescaler block.
When the block first receives an input signal, the Single Modulus Prescaler block divides the input signal by the integer part (N) of the value of the div-by port. The fractional part (.FF) is stored in the state port of the Fractional Accumulator subsystem.
The Fractional Accumulator subsystem updates the state port value with each rising edge received by the clk out port in the previous cycle. When the value of the state port goes over 1, the value overflows and changes the value emitted by the carry port to 1.
The carry port activates the Pulse Swallower subsystem, and removes one pulse from the clk in signal. It is like dividing the input signal by a factor of N+1, achieving the overall fractional division.
 Best, Roland E. Phase-Locked Loop. New York, NY: Tata McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 2003.