TabGroup Properties

Control tab group appearance and behavior

Tab groups are containers for grouping and managing tabs. Properties control the appearance and behavior of a tab group. Use dot notation to refer to a particular object and property.

uf = uifigure;
tg = uitabgroup(uf);
tg.Position = [20 20 200 200];

The properties listed here are valid for tab groups in App Designer, or in apps created with the uifigure function. For tab groups used in GUIDE, or in apps created with the figure function, see TabGroup Properties.

Tabs

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Tab label location, specified as 'top', 'bottom', 'left', or 'right'. This property specifies the location of the tab labels with respect to the tab group.

Currently selected tab, specified as a Tab object. Use this property to determine the currently selected tab within a tab group. You can also use this property to set the default tab selection. The default value of the SelectedTab property is the first Tab that you add to the TabGroup.

Interactivity

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Tab group visibility, specified as 'on' or 'off'. The Visible property determines whether the tab group is displayed on the screen. If the Visible property is set to 'off', the entire tab group is hidden. However, you can still specify and access properties of the TabGroup object.

To make your app start faster, set the Visible property of all components that are not initially displayed to 'off'.

Note

Changing the Visible property of a TabGroup object does not change the values of the Visible properties of its child components. This is true even though hiding the tab group causes the children to be hidden.

Tooltip, specified as a character vector, cell array of character vectors, string array, or categorical array. Use this property to display a message when the user hovers the pointer over the tab group at run time. Tooltips for tab groups display only when there are no tabs in the tab group. To display multiple lines of text, specify a cell array of character vectors, string array, or categorical array. Each element in the array becomes a separate line of text. If you specify this property as a categorical array, MATLAB® uses the values in the array, not the full set of categories.

Position

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Location and size of the tab group, specified as a four-element vector of the form [left bottom width height].

This table describes each element in the vector.

ElementDescription
leftDistance from the inner left edge of the parent container to the outer left edge of the tab group
bottomDistance from the inner bottom edge of the parent container to the outer bottom edge of the tab group
widthDistance between the right and left outer edges of the tab group
heightDistance between the top and bottom outer edges of the tab group

All measurements are in units specified by the Units property.

The Position values are relative to the drawable area of the parent container. The drawable area is the area inside the borders of the container and does not include the area occupied by decorations such as a menu bar or title.

Location and size of the tab group, specified as a four-element vector of the form [left bottom width height]. All measurements are in units specified by the Units property.

This property value is identical to the Position and OuterPosition property values.

Location and size of the tab group, specified as a four-element vector of the form [left bottom width height]. All measurements are in units specified by the Units property.

This property value is identical to the Position and InnerPosition property values.

Units of measurement, specified as 'pixels'.

Automatically resize children, specified as 'on' or 'off'.

  • 'on' — Child components automatically resize when the container resizes.

  • 'off' — Child components do not resize.

The AutoResizeChildren property affects direct children of the container, not children inside nested containers.

To customize the resize behavior, set the AutoResizeChildren property to 'off' and create a SizeChangedFcn callback for the container. For more information, see Managing Resizable Apps in App Designer.

To disable resizing of an app, set the Resize property of the figure to 'off'.

Layout options, specified as a GridLayoutOptions object. This property specifies options for components that are children of grid layout containers. If the component is not a child of a grid layout container (for example, it is a child of a figure or panel), then this property is empty and has no effect. However, if the component is a child of a grid layout container, you can place the component in the desired row and column of the grid by setting the Row and Column properties on the GridLayoutOptions object.

For example, this code places a tab group in the third row and second column of its parent grid.

g = uigridlayout([4 3]);
tg = uitabgroup(g);
tg.Layout.Row = 3;
tg.Layout.Column = 2;

To make the tab group span multiple rows or columns, specify the Row or Column property as a two-element vector. For example, this tab group spans columns 2 through 3:

tg.Layout.Column = [2 3];

Callbacks

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Selection changed callback, specified as one of these values:

  • A function handle.

  • A cell array in which the first element is a function handle. Subsequent elements in the cell array are the arguments to pass to the callback function.

  • A character vector containing a valid MATLAB expression (not recommended). MATLAB evaluates this expression in the base workspace.

This callback function executes when the user selects a different tab within the tab group.

This callback function can access specific information about the user’s interaction with the tabs. MATLAB passes this information in a SelectionChangedData object as the second argument to your callback function. In App Designer, the argument is called event. You can query the object properties using dot notation. For example, event.NewValue returns the currently selected tab. The SelectionChangedData object is not available to callback functions specified as character vectors.

The following table lists the properties of the SelectionChangedData object.

Property

Description

OldValue

Previously selected Tab, or [] if none was selected

NewValue

Currently selected Tab

Source

Component that executes the callback

EventName

'SelectionChanged'

For more information about writing callbacks, see Write Callbacks in App Designer.

Size change callback, specified as one of these values:

  • A function handle.

  • A cell array in which the first element is a function handle. Subsequent elements in the cell array are the arguments to pass to the callback function.

  • A character vector containing a valid MATLAB expression (not recommended). MATLAB evaluates this expression in the base workspace.

Define this callback to customize the app layout when the size of this container changes (e.g., when the user resizes the window).

Note

The SizeChangedFcn callback will not execute unless the AutoResizeChildren property of this container is set to 'off'. In App Designer, you can make the SizeChangedFcn executable by clearing the AutoResizeChildren check box in the UI Figure Properties panel.

The SizeChangedFcn callback executes when:

  • This container becomes visible for the first time.

  • This container is visible while its size changes.

  • This container becomes visible for the first time after its size changes. This situation occurs when the size changes while the container is invisible, and then it becomes visible later.

Other important points to consider when defining a SizeChangedFcn callback:

  • Consider delaying the display of this container until after all the variables that the SizeChangedFcn uses are defined. This practice can prevent the SizeChangedFcn callback from returning an error. To delay the display of the container, set its Visible property to 'off'. Then, set the Visible property to 'on' after you define the variables that your SizeChangedFcn callback uses.

  • If your app contains nested containers, they resize from the inside out.

  • To access the container that is resizing from within the SizeChangedFcn, refer to the source object (the first input argument in the callback) or use the gcbo function.

Object creation function, specified as one of these values:

  • Function handle.

  • Cell array in which the first element is a function handle. Subsequent elements in the cell array are the arguments to pass to the callback function.

  • Character vector containing a valid MATLAB expression (not recommended). MATLAB evaluates this expression in the base workspace.

For more information about specifying a callback as a function handle, cell array, or character vector, see Write Callbacks in App Designer.

This property specifies a callback function to execute when MATLAB creates the object. MATLAB initializes all property values before executing the CreateFcn callback. If you do not specify the CreateFcn property, then MATLAB executes a default creation function.

Setting the CreateFcn property on an existing component has no effect.

If you specify this property as a function handle or cell array, you can access the object that is being created using the first argument of the callback function. Otherwise, use the gcbo function to access the object.

Object deletion function, specified as one of these values:

  • Function handle.

  • Cell array in which the first element is a function handle. Subsequent elements in the cell array are the arguments to pass to the callback function.

  • Character vector containing a valid MATLAB expression (not recommended). MATLAB evaluates this expression in the base workspace.

For more information about specifying a callback as a function handle, cell array, or character vector, see Write Callbacks in App Designer.

This property specifies a callback function to execute when MATLAB deletes the object. MATLAB executes the DeleteFcn callback before destroying the properties of the object. If you do not specify the DeleteFcn property, then MATLAB executes a default deletion function.

If you specify this property as a function handle or cell array, you can access the object that is being deleted using the first argument of the callback function. Otherwise, use the gcbo function to access the object.

Callback Execution Control

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Callback interruption, specified as 'on' or 'off'. The Interruptible property determines if a running callback can be interrupted.

There are two callback states to consider:

  • The running callback is the currently executing callback.

  • The interrupting callback is a callback that tries to interrupt the running callback.

Whenever MATLAB invokes a callback, that callback attempts to interrupt the running callback (if one exists). The Interruptible property of the object owning the running callback determines if interruption is allowed. The Interruptible property has two possible values:

  • 'on' — Allows other callbacks to interrupt the object's callbacks. The interruption occurs at the next point where MATLAB processes the queue, such as when there is a drawnow, figure, uifigure, getframe, waitfor, or pause command.

    • If the running callback contains one of those commands, then MATLAB stops the execution of the callback at that point and executes the interrupting callback. MATLAB resumes executing the running callback when the interrupting callback completes.

    • If the running callback does not contain one of those commands, then MATLAB finishes executing the callback without interruption.

  • 'off' — Blocks all interruption attempts. The BusyAction property of the object owning the interrupting callback determines if the interrupting callback is discarded or put into a queue.

Note

Callback interruption and execution behave differently in these situations:

  • If the interrupting callback is a DeleteFcn, CloseRequestFcn or SizeChangedFcn callback, then the interruption occurs regardless of the Interruptible property value.

  • If the running callback is currently executing the waitfor function, then the interruption occurs regardless of the Interruptible property value.

  • Timer objects execute according to schedule regardless of the Interruptible property value.

When an interruption occurs, MATLAB does not save the state of properties or the display. For example, the object returned by the gca or gcf command might change when another callback executes.

Callback queuing, specified as 'queue' or 'cancel'. The BusyAction property determines how MATLAB handles the execution of interrupting callbacks. There are two callback states to consider:

  • The running callback is the currently executing callback.

  • The interrupting callback is a callback that tries to interrupt the running callback.

Whenever MATLAB invokes a callback, that callback attempts to interrupt a running callback. The Interruptible property of the object owning the running callback determines if interruption is permitted. If interruption is not permitted, then the BusyAction property of the object owning the interrupting callback determines if it is discarded or put in the queue. These are possible values of the BusyAction property:

  • 'queue' — Puts the interrupting callback in a queue to be processed after the running callback finishes execution.

  • 'cancel' — Does not execute the interrupting callback.

This property is read-only.

Deletion status, returned as 'off' or 'on'. MATLAB sets the BeingDeleted property to 'on' when the DeleteFcn callback begins execution. The BeingDeleted property remains set to 'on' until the component object no longer exists.

Check the value of the BeingDeleted property to verify that the object is not about to be deleted before querying or modifying it.

Parent/Child

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Parent container, specified as a Figure object created using the uifigure function, or one of its child containers: Tab, Panel, ButtonGroup, or GridLayout. If no container is specified, MATLAB calls the uifigure function to create a new Figure object that serves as the parent container.

TabGroup children, returned as an empty GraphicsPlaceholder or a one-dimensional array of Tab objects.

You cannot add or remove tabs using the Children property of the TabGroup. Use this property to view the list of tabs or to reorder the tabs. The order of the Tab objects in this array reflects the order of the tabs displayed on the screen.

To add a child to this list, set the Parent property of a Tab object to be the TabGroup object.

Visibility of the object handle, specified as 'on', 'callback', or 'off'.

This property controls the visibility of the object in its parent's list of children. When an object is not visible in its parent's list of children, it is not returned by functions that obtain objects by searching the object hierarchy or querying properties. These functions include get, findobj, clf, and close. Objects are valid even if they are not visible. If you can access an object, you can set and get its properties, and pass it to any function that operates on objects.

HandleVisibility ValueDescription
'on'The object is always visible.
'callback'The object is visible from within callbacks or functions invoked by callbacks, but not from within functions invoked from the command line. This option blocks access to the object at the command-line, but allows callback functions to access it.
'off'The object is invisible at all times. This option is useful for preventing unintended changes to the UI by another function. Set the HandleVisibility to 'off' to temporarily hide the object during the execution of that function.

Identifiers

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This property is read-only.

Type of graphics object, returned as 'uitabgroup'.

Object identifier, specified as a character vector or string scalar. You can specify a unique Tag value to serve as an identifier for an object. When you need access to the object elsewhere in your code, you can use the findobj function to search for the object based on the Tag value.

User data, specified as any MATLAB array. For example, you can specify a scalar, vector, matrix, cell array, character array, table, or structure. Use this property to store arbitrary data on an object.

If you are working in App Designer, create public or private properties in the app to share data instead of using the UserData property. For more information, see Share Data Within App Designer Apps.

See Also

Functions

Properties

Introduced in R2016a