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Optimize Function Using particleswarm, Problem-Based

This example shows how to minimize a function using particle swarm in the problem-based approach when the objective is a function file, possibly of unknown content (a "black box" function). The function to minimize, dejong5fcn(x), is included when you run this example.


Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 2 objects of type surface, contour.

Create a 2-D optimization variable x. The dejong5fcn function expects the variable to be a row vector, so specify x as a 2-element row vector.

x = optimvar("x",1,2);

To use dejong5fcn as the objective function, convert the function to an optimization expression using fcn2optimexpr.

fun = fcn2optimexpr(@dejong5fcn,x);

Create an optimization problem with the objective function fun.

prob = optimproblem("Objective",fun);

Set variable bounds from –50 to 50 in all components. When you specify scalar bounds, the software expands the bounds to all variables.

x.LowerBound = -50;
x.UpperBound = 50;

Solve the problem, specifying the particleswarm solver.

rng default % For reproducibility
[sol,fval] = solve(prob,"Solver","particleswarm")
Solving problem using particleswarm.
Optimization ended: relative change in the objective value 
over the last OPTIONS.MaxStallIterations iterations is less than OPTIONS.FunctionTolerance.
sol = struct with fields:
    x: [-31.9751 -31.9719]

fval = 0.9980

See Also

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