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Create Diagonal Matrix Using VBA Macro

This example shows how to execute Spreadsheet Link™ functions to export a named range in the worksheet to MATLAB® and create a diagonal matrix using a Microsoft® Excel® VBA macro.

The example assumes that MATLAB is running after Microsoft Excel opens. For details, see Start and Stop Spreadsheet Link and MATLAB.

To work with VBA code in Excel with Spreadsheet Link, you must enable Spreadsheet Link as a reference in the Microsoft Visual Basic® Editor. For details, see Installation.

In a worksheet, enter the numbers 1 through 5 into the range of cells from A1 through E1. Define the name testData for this range of cells and select it. For instructions, see Excel Help and enter the search term: define and use names in formulas.

The named range testData appears in the Name Box.

Cell range named testData that has numbers 1 through 5 in cells A1 through E1

On the Developer tab in Microsoft Excel, click Visual Basic. The Visual Basic Editor window opens.

Insert a new module and create a diagonal matrix from the data in testData. To insert the module, select Insert > Module. In the Code section, enter this VBA code that contains a macro named Diagonal.

Sub Diagonal()
    MLEvalString "b = diag(testData);"
    MLGetMatrix "b", "A3"
End Sub

The Diagonal macro exports the named range into the MATLAB variable testData using the MLPutRanges function. Then, the macro uses the MLEvalString function to execute MATLAB code. The MATLAB code creates a diagonal matrix from the data in testData using the diag function. The code assigns the diagonal matrix to the MATLAB variable b. Then, the macro uses the MLGetMatrix function to import the diagonal matrix into the worksheet.

Copy and paste the code into the Visual Basic Editor from the HTML version of the documentation.

For details about working with modules, see Excel Help.

Run the macro by clicking Run Sub/UserForm (F5). For details about running macros, see Excel Help.

The diagonal matrix displays in the worksheet cells A3 through E7.

Worksheet contains numbers 1 through 5 in cells A1 through E5 and the resulting diagonal matrix with the same numbers in cells A3 through E7.

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