This example shows how to create, compile, and deploy a
dlhdl.Workflow object that has a handwritten character detection series network as the network object by using the Deep Learning HDL Toolbox™ Support Package for Xilinx FPGA and SoC. Use MATLAB® to retrieve the prediction results from the target device.
Xilinx ZCU102 SoC development kit.
Deep Learning HDL Toolbox™
Deep Learning HDL Toolbox™ Support Package for Xilinx FPGA and SoC
Deep Learning Toolbox™
To load the pretrained series network, that has been trained on the Modified National Institute Standards of Technology (MNIST) database, enter:
snet = getDigitsNetwork();
To view the layers of the pretrained series network, enter:
Create a target object that has a custom name for your target device and an interface to connect your target device to the host computer. Interface options are JTAG and Ethernet.
hTarget = dlhdl.Target('Xilinx','Interface','Ethernet')
hTarget = Target with properties: Vendor: 'Xilinx' Interface: Ethernet IPAddress: '192.168.1.101' Username: 'root' Port: 22
Create an object of the
dlhdl.Workflow class. Specify the network and the bitstream name during the object creation. Specify saved pretrained MNIST neural network, snet, as the network. Make sure that the bitstream name matches the data type and the FPGA board that you are targeting. In this example, the target FPGA board is the Xilinx ZCU102 SOC board and the bitstream uses a single data type.
hW = dlhdl.Workflow('network', snet, 'Bitstream', 'zcu102_single','Target',hTarget)
hW = Workflow with properties: Network: [1×1 SeriesNetwork] Bitstream: 'zcu102_single' ProcessorConfig:  Target: [1×1 dlhdl.Target]
To compile the MNIST series network, run the compile function of the
dn = hW.compile;
### Compiling network for Deep Learning FPGA prototyping ... ### Targeting FPGA bitstream zcu102_single ... ### The network includes the following layers: 1 'imageinput' Image Input 28×28×1 images with 'zerocenter' normalization (SW Layer) 2 'conv_1' Convolution 8 3×3×1 convolutions with stride [1 1] and padding 'same' (HW Layer) 3 'batchnorm_1' Batch Normalization Batch normalization with 8 channels (HW Layer) 4 'relu_1' ReLU ReLU (HW Layer) 5 'maxpool_1' Max Pooling 2×2 max pooling with stride [2 2] and padding [0 0 0 0] (HW Layer) 6 'conv_2' Convolution 16 3×3×8 convolutions with stride [1 1] and padding 'same' (HW Layer) 7 'batchnorm_2' Batch Normalization Batch normalization with 16 channels (HW Layer) 8 'relu_2' ReLU ReLU (HW Layer) 9 'maxpool_2' Max Pooling 2×2 max pooling with stride [2 2] and padding [0 0 0 0] (HW Layer) 10 'conv_3' Convolution 32 3×3×16 convolutions with stride [1 1] and padding 'same' (HW Layer) 11 'batchnorm_3' Batch Normalization Batch normalization with 32 channels (HW Layer) 12 'relu_3' ReLU ReLU (HW Layer) 13 'fc' Fully Connected 10 fully connected layer (HW Layer) 14 'softmax' Softmax softmax (SW Layer) 15 'classoutput' Classification Output crossentropyex with '0' and 9 other classes (SW Layer) 3 Memory Regions created. Skipping: imageinput Compiling leg: conv_1>>relu_3 ... ### Optimizing series network: Fused 'nnet.cnn.layer.BatchNormalizationLayer' into 'nnet.cnn.layer.Convolution2DLayer' ### Notice: (Layer 1) The layer 'data' with type 'nnet.cnn.layer.ImageInputLayer' is implemented in software. ### Notice: (Layer 10) The layer 'output' with type 'nnet.cnn.layer.RegressionOutputLayer' is implemented in software. Compiling leg: conv_1>>relu_3 ... complete. Compiling leg: fc ... ### Notice: (Layer 1) The layer 'data' with type 'nnet.cnn.layer.ImageInputLayer' is implemented in software. ### Notice: (Layer 3) The layer 'output' with type 'nnet.cnn.layer.RegressionOutputLayer' is implemented in software. Compiling leg: fc ... complete. Skipping: softmax Skipping: classoutput Creating Schedule... ....... Creating Schedule...complete. Creating Status Table... ...... Creating Status Table...complete. Emitting Schedule... ...... Emitting Schedule...complete. Emitting Status Table... ........ Emitting Status Table...complete. ### Allocating external memory buffers: offset_name offset_address allocated_space _______________________ ______________ ________________ "InputDataOffset" "0x00000000" "4.0 MB" "OutputResultOffset" "0x00400000" "4.0 MB" "SchedulerDataOffset" "0x00800000" "4.0 MB" "SystemBufferOffset" "0x00c00000" "28.0 MB" "InstructionDataOffset" "0x02800000" "4.0 MB" "ConvWeightDataOffset" "0x02c00000" "4.0 MB" "FCWeightDataOffset" "0x03000000" "4.0 MB" "EndOffset" "0x03400000" "Total: 52.0 MB" ### Network compilation complete.
To deploy the network on the Xilinx ZCU102 SoC hardware, run the deploy function of the
dlhdl.Workflow object. This function uses the output of the compile function to program the FPGA board by using the programming file. It also downloads the network weights and biases. The deploy function starts programming the FPGA device, displays progress messages, and the time it takes to deploy the network.
### Programming FPGA Bitstream using Ethernet... Downloading target FPGA device configuration over Ethernet to SD card ... # Copied /tmp/hdlcoder_rd to /mnt/hdlcoder_rd # Copying Bitstream hdlcoder_system.bit to /mnt/hdlcoder_rd # Set Bitstream to hdlcoder_rd/hdlcoder_system.bit # Copying Devicetree devicetree_dlhdl.dtb to /mnt/hdlcoder_rd # Set Devicetree to hdlcoder_rd/devicetree_dlhdl.dtb # Set up boot for Reference Design: 'AXI-Stream DDR Memory Access : 3-AXIM' Downloading target FPGA device configuration over Ethernet to SD card done. The system will now reboot for persistent changes to take effect. System is rebooting . . . . . . ### Programming the FPGA bitstream has been completed successfully. ### Loading weights to Conv Processor. ### Conv Weights loaded. Current time is 30-Dec-2020 15:13:03 ### Loading weights to FC Processor. ### FC Weights loaded. Current time is 30-Dec-2020 15:13:03
To load the example image, execute the predict function of the
dlhdl.Workflow object, and then display the FPGA result, enter:
inputImg = imread('five_28x28.pgm'); imshow(inputImg);
Run prediction with the profile 'on' to see the latency and throughput results.
[prediction, speed] = hW.predict(single(inputImg),'Profile','on');
### Finished writing input activations. ### Running single input activations. Deep Learning Processor Profiler Performance Results LastFrameLatency(cycles) LastFrameLatency(seconds) FramesNum Total Latency Frames/s ------------- ------------- --------- --------- --------- Network 98117 0.00045 1 98117 2242.2 conv_1 6607 0.00003 maxpool_1 4716 0.00002 conv_2 4637 0.00002 maxpool_2 2977 0.00001 conv_3 6752 0.00003 fc 72428 0.00033 * The clock frequency of the DL processor is: 220MHz
[val, idx] = max(prediction); fprintf('The prediction result is %d\n', idx-1);
The prediction result is 5