This example shows how to build an arbitrary block diagram by connecting models using
connect. The system is a Smith
Predictor, the single-input, single-output (SISO) multi-loop control system shown in the
following block diagram.
For more information about the Smith Predictor, see Control of Processes with Long Dead Time: The Smith Predictor.
connect command lets you construct the
overall transfer function from ysp to
y. To use
connect, specify the input and
output channel names of the components of the block diagram.
automatically joins ports that have the same name, as shown in the following figure.
To build the closed loop model of the Smith Predictor system from ysp to y:
Create the components of the block diagram: the process model
P, the predictor model
Gp, the delay
Dp, the filter
F, and the PI
C. Specify names for the input and output channels of each model so that
connect can automatically join them to build the block
s = tf('s'); P = exp(-93.9*s) * 5.6/(40.2*s+1); P.InputName = 'u'; P.OutputName = 'y'; Gp = 5.6/(40.2*s+1); Gp.InputName = 'u'; Gp.OutputName = 'yp'; Dp = exp(-93.9*s); Dp.InputName = 'yp'; Dp.OutputName = 'y1'; F = 1/(20*s+1); F.InputName = 'dy'; F.OutputName = 'dp'; C = pidstd(0.574,40.1); C.Inputname = 'e'; C.OutputName = 'u';
Create the summing junctions needed to complete the block diagram.
sum1 = sumblk('e = ysp - ym'); sum2 = sumblk('ym = yp + dp'); sum3 = sumblk('dy = y - y1');
The argument to
sumblk is a formula that relates the
input and output signals of the summing junction.
creates a summing junction with the input and output signal names specified in
the formula. For example, in
sum1, the formula
ysp - ym' specifies an output signal named
which is the difference between input signals named
Assemble the complete model from ysp to y.
T = connect(P,Gp,Dp,C,F,sum1,sum2,sum3,'ysp','y');
You can list the models and summing junctions in any order because
connect automatically interconnects them using their
input and output channel names.
The last two arguments specify the input and output signals of the multi-loop
control structure. Thus,
T is a
ysp and output