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Discrete Varying State Space

Discrete-time state-space model with varying matrix values

  • Library:
  • Control System Toolbox / Linear Parameter Varying

  • Discrete Varying State Space block


Use this block to implement a discrete-time state-space model with varying matrices. Feed the instantaneous values of the state matrix A, input matrix B, output matrix C, and feedforward matrix D to the corresponding input ports. The system response is given by:


where uk is the system input, yk is the system output, xk is the current system state, and xk+1 is the system state at the next time step.

Use this block and the other blocks in the Linear Parameter Varying library to implement common control elements with variable parameters or coefficients. For more information, see Model Gain-Scheduled Control Systems in Simulink.



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System input signal.

State matrix of dimensions Nx-by-Nx, where Nx is the number of system states.

Input matrix of dimensions Nx-by-Nu, where Nu is the number of system inputs.

Output matrix Ny-by-Nx, where Ny is the number of system outputs.

Feedforward matrix of dimensions Ny-by-Nu.


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System output signal.

Current state values.


To enable this port, select the Output states parameter.

State values at next time step.


To enable this port, select the Output state updates parameter.


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Initial state values, specified as a scalar or a vector whose length is the number of system states.

Block sample time, specified as either –1 (inherited sample time) or a positive scalar value.

Select to enable the state values output port, x.

Select to enable the state updates output port, xk+1.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

PLC Code Generation
Generate Structured Text code using Simulink® PLC Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2017b